ANN HOWARD
                                            [1758-1832]
                                                             [Convict]   
   
                        Transported per 'Lady Juliana' to Sydney Cove [1790]

                                         Spouse: Thomas Lucas - Marine

                                                 
 

                                  Statement of Witnesses re the Trial of Ann Howard

                                                  [Partial Image - 2 pages]
                                                See Transcription below
                        Appendage to the Trial of Ann HowardClick on image to enlarge 
                              Dated 14th December 1787
                              Source: London Metropolitan Archives.
                              Full Transcription in the next Panel Below  
 
        
Full Transcription;
Middlesex to wit:
                             The Information of John Reidor of No. 378 Strand, Printer [or Painter], Hugh McDonald of the same place 
                              Porfumor and Elizabeth Chalk Wife of James Chalk of No. 13 Denmark Court, Labourer taken before me 
                              this 14th day of December 1787. 
                              Who being upon Oath Severally say, and first the said John Reidor for himself says that he hath lately had 
                              stolen in his Lodging the following Articles Viz: one white dimity Petticoat, two Muslin Aprons and a Child's 
                              laced Cap. And this Informant further says that the person now present who calls herself Ann Howard came 
                              into his House on Saturday the 8th of December Instant to nurse his Wife. And the said Hugh McDonald for 
                              himself says that in the Afternoon of the same day he saw the said Ann Howard go out of the said House 
                              apparently with Something concealed under her Cloaths.  And the said Elizabeth Chalk for herself says that 
                              on the Night of the same day she examined the said Ann Howard and found the Petticoat now produced 
                              concealed under her Cloaths and the Apron also now produced she threw out of her Pocket upon the ground.  
                              And the said John Reidor further says that the Petticoat and Apron now produced are his property and were 
                              stolen in his Lodgings as aforesaid.
     
                              Sworn before me the   
                              day and year aforesaid}
                              Sampson Wright [Signed]                                                                     John Rieder [signed - note: spelling differs'] 
                                                                                                                                                 Hugh McDonald [Signed] 
                                                                                                                                                 Elizabeth [X] Chalk [Her Mark] 
                 Anomaly: Ann's Trial was dated 12th December 1787 and the Appendage dated 14th December 1787 [two days after!]
                                   It is considered that the Appendage was incorrectly dated or the perhaps the Trial Date was incorrectly Transcribed.
                                    
            Ann was Tried at the Old Bailey in London on the 14th? December 1787.  
            TRIAL - Old Bailey, London 12th December 1787 

            Transcription; 
            Date: 12th December 1787. Crime: Theft: Simple Grand Larceny
            Ann Howard was indicted for stealing, on the 8th  day of December, one corded dimity petticoat, value 3 s. two muslin aprons, value 
            4 s. a child’s laced cap, value 10 d. the property of John  Reader.  The Prisoner went to nurse the  prosecutor’s wife, and carried away 
            the things the next day, and the petticoat was on her; she was taken directly. 
            Guilty
            Transported for seven years.
            Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Recorder. 
            Noted: Further Records: London Metropolitan Archive, MJ/SP/1787/12/014
            Index Synopsis/Description: 'Anne Harwood accused of  larceny: John Reider, printer; Hugh McDonald, perfumer, and Elizabeth 
            Chalk,  wife of James Chalk all say that Harwood stole a petticoat, muslin aprons and a childs lace cap.'   
            Ann was twenty-nine years old at this time, she was apprehended [probably by the 'Bow Street Runners'] on the 9th of December very 
            likely spent the following three days in the Cells at Newgate Prison, London, to await Trial on the 12th or 14th. The Newgate Cells 
            were joined by an underground passageway which led to the Court Rooms of the Old Bailey. 

            Newgate was infamously recorded as noisy, overcrowded and conditions unsanitary.  Typhoid [or 'Goal Fever' was also reported regularly.
            Cheap gin was sold to the prisoners and prostitution was rampant. The jailor's favours could be bought for better cell accommodation.  
            However the prisoners were allowed visitors.

            Ann's Trial was brief. 

                                                                                A Trial at the Old Bailey
                                                                      A Trial Scene at the Old Bailey London [date unknown]
                                                                                    [Perhaps a similar scene to Ann's Trial] 

             It is unknown where Ann spent the next two years.  She was transported to the Fledgling Settlement at Sydney Cove per 
            ‘Lady Juliana’ departing the Motherland on the 29th July 1789, arriving at the Colony 3rd June 1790. For more details relating 
             to conditions aboard the 'Lady Juliana', the voyage  [well documented in the published memoirs of John Nicol [Ship's Stewart]],
             and Ann's first days at the Cove, ACCESS 'The First Arrivals'.

                                  Excerpt from Page:  From the memoirs of John Nicol [Ship's Stewart] re a convict girl's remark;
                                                           “We have a clean bed, and we know that we will break fast on every day,
                                                              we do not have to fear the men as we have in the goals from where we
                                                                    have come, for we know where our head will lay each night.”      

                                                                                   Poem by Stephen Craig Rowe [online]; 
                                     "They were chosen from the countryside. 
                                       They were chosen from the City of London for some, a small crime. 
                                        For some a rot to the death in Newgate Jail. 
                                       Gulls screamed as Winds filled the sails of Lady Juliana, 
                                       A Convict Ship sailing down the river and departing 
                                       as two hundred and twenty six women were held in the hull bound for Sydney Cove.  
                                       Mad King George stirred in his sleep and did not hear the clamor of the Gulls screaming to cover the cries 
                                       of Joy, Sorrow, Reprieve, and fear of the unknown voyage. 
                                       As the winds filled the sails of Lady Juliana and took the Ship to Sydney Cove. 
                                       Then gave the best there ever was to softly step on lands never seen before 
                                       and in wonder seed the key of a people that care. 
                                       Lady Juliana, my eyes are wet for you, a ship that filled her sails and made it to the shores. 
                                       Then all the dreams aboard departed and carry on the load and Shine. 
                                       Lady Juliana the winds that filled your sails were blown by Angels and hushed the crying, made them strong. 
                                       For they were chosen to become the wives of Sydney Cove and the Mothers of Australia. 
                                       As ever be well." 


            For more Information relating to Ann's voyage on the 'Lady Juliana' and her Early Days in the Colony ACCESS: The First Arrivals. 
            For more Information relating to Ann's marriage and her life with Thomas Lucas ACCESS: Thomas Lucas & Ann Howard.