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                                                              LUCAS

                                              Parish Records & Brief History 
                                          Kingston upon Thames - Thames Ditton, Surrey
                                                                  Relative to the Lucas Family
 
                                   Although the Lucas Family appears to have its ancestry in Leatherhead some moved north to 
                                         Kingston upon Thames & adjacent Thames Ditton which are less than 2 miles apart. 
                                                                     Evidence suggests that they occupied both villages 
                                                              and for this reason the two areas are presented together.
                                                   Leatherhead, the cradle of the Lucas Family is presented separately. 
The Village of
Kingston upon
Thames, Surrey  
The history of Kingston upon Thames can be accessed at British History Online
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43014&strquery=Kingston upon Thames All Saints.
Kingston
Church &

Parish Books 
In the year 1769, an Act of Parliament was obtained for separating the Parish Church of Kingston and its dependant 
Chapels of Richmond, Maulsey, Thames Ditton, Petersham and Kew and forming the whole Parish into two vicarages 
and two perpetual curacies.   
The Incumbent at Kingston eventually passed to Samuel Markham who was virtually non-resident, and no proof that 
he officiated more than once [in 1774] after 1771.  In the period 1771-97 there were seventeen successive curates.  
One of these was Mr. Durnford who was host to the 87 year-old John Wesley on the night of the 23rd February 1791. 
Wesley gave the last of his 42,400 sermons in a room in Kingston House. The following day Wesley returned to London: 
within the week he was dead. British History online.


This Wesleyan influence at Kingston is interesting in the respect that the Lucas Family of adjacent Thames Ditton with
family members also living at Kingston moved from Thames Ditton to Southwark near London around May 1794.

John Lucas who married Mary Bradford at Effingham did not record the Baptisms of his children.  There is evidence to 
suggest that he later moved to Thames Ditton 1.4 miles from Kingston.  John may have followed Wesleyan Philosophies.
His burial at Southwark near London in 1812 has not been found although most of the Orthodox Church Records were 
examined.   His son William however recorded baptisms and burials for all his issue in the area.  

The Registers dating from 1542 up to 1812 are summarized at British History Online URL:
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43014&strquery=Kingston upon Thames All Saints.

There are very few 'Lucas' entries at Kingston upon Thames.   See Parish Entries Listed Below.  
Thames Ditton
Church  
 As Mentioned above Thames Ditton was a Chapelry of Kingston till 1769.  
The Ancient Church at Thames Ditton dates from the earliest Norman buildings originally a long narrow hall with 
from the Bell Tower to the Chancery with modifications in the 14th and 15th Century.  The earliest documented 
reference dates around 1573 however the Church has one of the finest fonts in Surrey which is dated around AD1120.  
After the dissolution in 1538 the avowson  passed into private parsonage till 1786 when it was purchased by the Provost 
and Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge to which it belongs today. 
In English ecclesiastical Law, the avowson was the right of presentation to a vacant benefice. Presenting a nominee to 
a vacant ecclesiastical benefice. The patron has the right of presentation to the benefice, to present his or her choice of 
parish clergy to the bishop for appointment.  Generally, the patron may expect to receive a small yearly fee from the 
parish priest depending upon the income of the benefice, taken from the tithes or other income of the church.   It would 
appear that under the avowson the Church at Thames Ditton may have been left dormant for many decades.  
PARISH REGISTERS;   Thames Ditton:  An extract from British History online gives the following information; 
‘The first book of registers contains mixed entries between 1663 and 1695, a second book has entries 1753 to 1778, 
a third book appears to be a duplicate of the second 1765 to 1773.  There is a marriage book to 1781 and a printed 
marriage book, 1781 to 1812, also a book containing baptisms and burials 1781 to 1812.’
The Baptisms held for Thames Ditton by the LDS revealed only four Christenings held before 1761 
i.e. Hannah Bedson the entry recorded as simply 1754, Seoman Land 14th July 1752, Bengeman and Charles Bedsor 
both baptized 1760 [twins?] father William. A gap of one year then precedes a gradually increasing number of baptisms 
from 1762 to 1872.   Marriages were found to date from 1753 to 1875 with many records during the 1753 to 1762 period 
where baptisms are absent.  
It would appear that records were only spasmodically kept after the dissolution and resumed around 1752 for a handful 
of patrons increasing gradually after 1762 to 1875. 
No Lucass marriages were recorded at Thames Ditton during this early period.   The earliest was Fanny Lucas to 
Thomas Boxall in 1766.  See Parish Entries Listed Below. 
School
Kingston School was Founded by Queen Elizabeth I by Royal Charter in 1561 as a free grammar-school.  Amongst the
various buildings and lands attached to it was the St. Mary Magdalen’s Chapel which today is used as a schoolroom 
and another two small chapels also adjoining the Estate.  The School’s History dates back prior to this time to around 
AD1309.  The School Records have not survived. 
Lucas 

Parish Entries
BAPTISMS;

All Saints - Kingston upon Thames - Lucas Baptisms
[there are no gaps in record keeping at All Saints to justify gaps in Lucas entries]

Lewcas,  John bapt. 4th Feb. 1633 son of Anthony
Lewcas,  Elizabeth bapt. 7th March 1680 daughter of Richard

Lucas,  Susannah bapt. 13th Jan. 1793 son of Thomas & Sarah
Lucas,  Thomas bapt. 1st June 1794 son of Thomas & Sarah   [potential related document]
Lucas,  Moses bapt. 17th Jan. 1796 son of Thomas & Sarah
Lucas,  James bapt. 29th July 1798 son of Thomas & Sarah
Lucas,  Sarah bapt. 30th June 1799 daughter of Thomas & Sarah

Lucas,  Harriett bapt. 16th May 1802 d.o. James & Elizabeth. 
Lucas,  Harriet bapt. 30th Sept. 1827 d.o. James & Elizabeth 

Lucas,  Louisa Ellen bapt. 5th Jan. 1870 [twin?] d.o. Henry & Mary Ann
Lucas,  John Henry bapt. 5th Jan. 1870 [twin?] s.o. Henry & Mary Ann
Lucas,  Emily bapt. 18th July 1873 d.o. Henry & Mary Ann

Lucass,  Elizabeth bapt. 19th March 1761 d.o. Benjamin & Mary

Thames Ditton- Lucas Baptisms

LUCKESS  William baptised 6th Dec. 1765 son of John   [Note could be the father of the seven children baptised 
                     at Thames Ditton from 1785-1794.  This would imply he would have been aged 20yrs at the birth of his 
                     first child.  No marriage has been found.   Tenuous: a marriage at this age was possible with the permission
                     of the father. 
LUCKESS  Sharllot bapt. 6th Sept. 1778 d.o. James

Lucas    Eliza Lucas;  Born 6th Sep. 1785, Baptised 25th Sep. 1785 d.o. William & Sarah
                    Eliza appears to have been physically or otherwise impaired in some way.                                                     
                    She was a beneficiary in the Will of John Lucass 1797 as part of the bequeathal to the  children of her father.  
                    Eliza was 12yrs old at the time of the said Will.                                                     
                    Eliza was also named in the Challenge of the same Will in 1806.  She was aged 21yrs at that time.
                    Eliza was the main beneficiary in the Will of her Spinster Aunt, Sarah Lucas in 1812 in which her Aunt 
                     provided for Eliza's care and maintenance for her life.                                                     
                    Eliza appears to have been moved to Leatherhead possibly in the care of a Family Member [yet unidentified] 
                    where she was recorded buried unmarried and without issue on the 12th November 1820 at the recorded age 
                    of 34yrs.                                       

Lucas    John Lucas; Born 30th Sept. 1787, Baptised 28th Oct. 1787  s.o. William & Sarah                                                  
                    He was a beneficiary in the Will of John Lucass 1797 as part of the bequeathal to the children of his father.  
                    John was 10yrs old at the time of the said Will.                                                    
                    John was also named in the Challenge of the same Will in 1806.  He was aged 19yrs at that time.
Lucas    William Lucas; Born 11th April  1789, Baptised 10th May 1789 s.o. William & Sarah  
                    He was a beneficiary in the Will of John Lucass 1797 as part of the bequeathal to the children of his father. 
                    John was 8yrs old at the time of the said Will.                                                    
                    John was also named in the Challenge of the same Will in 1806.  He was aged 17yrs at that time.
Lucas     Philip Lucas; Born 10th August  1790, Baptised 5th Sept. 1790 s.o. William & Sarah
                    He was a beneficiary in the Will of John Lucass 1797 as part of the bequeathal to the children of his father.  
                    Philip was 7yrs old at the time of the said Will.                                                    
                    Philip was also named in the Challenge of the same Will in 1806.  He was aged 16yrs at that time.  
Lucas     Thomas Lucas; Born 23rd January  1792, Baptised 19th Feb 1792 s.o. William & Sarah   
                   He was a beneficiary in the Will of John Lucass 1797 as part of the bequeathal to the children of his father.
                   Thomas was 5yrs old at the time of the said Will.  [Potential Related Document]
                   Thomas was also named in the Challenge of the same Will in 1806.  He was aged 17yrs at that time.  
Lucas      Joseph Lucas; Born 30th March  1793, Baptised 28th April 1793 s.o. William & Sarah 
                   He was a beneficiary in the Will of John Lucass 1797 as part of the bequeathal to the children of his father.  
                   Joseph was 4yrs old at the time of the said Will.   
                   Joseph was also named in the Challenge of the same Will in 1806.  He was aged 11yrs at that time.
Lucas      Caroline Lucas; Born 11th May 1794, Baptised 7th June 1794  d.o. William & Sarah 
                   She was a beneficiary in the Will of John Lucass 1797 as part of the bequeathal to the children of his father. 
                   Caroline was born at the time of the said Will.
                   Caroline was buried on the 5th May 1795 recorded as 'child'  [at the unrecorded age of 1yr]
Further baptisms were recorded for William and Sarah at Southwark for more information see Main Lucas Chart 

MARRIAGES; 

All Saints - Kingston upon Thames - Lucas Marriages
[there are no gaps in record keeping at All Saints to justify gaps in Lucas entries]

Lucas,  William married Elizabeth Loue [could be Lous] 16th July 1635
Luckes,  Isley married Edward Matthes [could be Matthew]  6th April 1686
Lucas,   Elizabeth married William Sendley 28th May 1709
Lucus,   Sarah married John Elyat 17th Sept. 1721
Lucas,   Robert St. John married Mariana Ellison 28th Aug. 1773
Lucas,   Alice married John Jarrit 29th June 1789
Lucas,   Thomas married Sarah Cooker 2nd Oct. 1791
Lucas,   James married Elizabeth Lee 6th July 1827
Lucas,   Eliza married Edward Barnett 1st July 1832

Thames Ditton - Lucas Marriages 

Lucas   Fanny Lucas married Thomas Boxell 16th Jan. 1766 had issue see Main Lucas Chart
LUCASS  Mary married John Ford 7th June 1778 had issue see Main Lucas Chart
Lucas   Nathaniel married Margaret Mitchell 25th August 1782. 
Lucas   James married Leah Stovell 19th May 1818 moved to Great Bookham. They had issue.
             This James Lucas was born in Effingham c. 1793, a Carpenter by trade [1851 Census] 
Lucas   James married Louisa Stanley 13th July 1828 
Lucas   Mary married John Whittington 18th December 1841 

BURIALS;

All Saints -Kingston upon Thames - Lucas Burials [for Lucas burials at nearby villages see full list of Lucas Burials]
[there are no gaps in record keeping at All Saints to justify gaps in Lucas entries]

Lucas     Ann 8th June 1634                      'wife of Anthony'   
Lucas     Anthony 12th June 1634                                          [Anthony Lucas was a Malster at Kingston and died Testate]
LUCKCUS  Mary 11th Nov. 1669             'wife of James   
LUCKKES  Richard 12th Sept. 1684. 
LUCKCUS Thomas 4th June 1685           'son of Richard'   
Lucas     Thomas 6th Feb 1741  
Lucas     Joshua 26th Feb 1741   
LUCKESS  John 6th Dec 1759 
Lucas     Francis 27th Oct 1766   
Lucas     Mary Ann 1st Aug 1802   
Lucas     Maria 30th March 1804              'daughter of Peter'  
Lucas     Elizabeth 21st Feb 1808              'wife of Peter' 
Lucas     Sarah 2nd Nov 1817                     Age 1 month   
Lucas     Mary Ann 18th Oct. 1821            Age 5 months   
Lucas     Harriet 8th Feb 1828                   Age 5 months  
Lucas     Thomas 23rd Dec 1840                Age 89 years                         [i.e. born 1751]

BURIALS
Thames Ditton - Lucas Burials;

Lucas     'Mrs'  buried 24th March 1784 
Lucas     Caroline buried 5th May 1795 recorded as 'child'