RILEY                                                               
                                                                        John Riley 
                                                                         [1822-1874]
                                                        Of Melbourne, Victoria Australia, formerly of Manchester Lancashire England.
                                                                                                                   Born Dublin Ireland 
                                                                     Spouse: Eliza Tideswell 
                                                                                            [1824-1903]
                                                                      Of Melbourne, Victoria Australia, formerly of Manchester Lancashire England
                                                                                                                      Born Manchester 
                             Recap: Parents;
                                                John Riley was the son of Michael Riley and Catherine [nee Coyne] born in Dublin Ireland c. 1822. 
                                                He settled with his parents in Lancashire England before 1841. 
                             1851 Census:  30th March 1851
                                                       Address: 9 Back Cotton Street, Manchester, Lancashire;  
                                                            John Riley, Head, Unmarried, age 30, Pensioner*, born Dublin, Ireland.
                                                            Eliza Tidswell. Lodger, Unmarried, age 25, Servant, born Manchester.               
                                                            John William Riley, Son, age 10 months, born Lancashire.
                                                            
                                                           * extensive investigations could not find the source of the recorded 'pension'  

                                                       Eliza Tideswell; 
                                                       Further investigations revealed that Eliza Tideswell the mother of the recorded infant. [Birth Certificate]
                                                       Eliza was also pregnant on the night of the Census, with another child fathered by John Riley.
                                                       [Eventually John Riley married Eliza Tideswell in Melbourne Australia in 1855.
               
                                                       Eliza Tidswell was baptised 3rd October 1824 at Manchester Cathedral, the daughter of 
                                                       William Tidswell and his wife Elizabeth nee Hutchinson. 

                         Child 2] Son John William Riley was Registered born on the 1st June 1850 at 4 Club Row Manchester, 
                                        the birth recorded by his mother who registered as Eliza Riley formerly Tideswell, the father as John Riley a 
                                        warehouseman, signing the document with her mark.  He does not appear to have survived long after 1851.    

                         Child 1] Another elder son seems to have been born to Eliza and John around 1848.  The first child is considered to have
                                        died prior to the 1851 Census. 

                          1851:    The birth of Catherine 'Kate' Riley;  
                                        Child 3:   Eliza's pregnancy [of Census night] came to term and a daughter Catherine (Kate) Riley was born in mid to late 1851.    

1851:        John's brothers make their way to Australia; 
                 John's three brothers Patrick, William and James immigrated to Australia early 1851.  Patrick, said to have married Elizabeth 
                 Oates in Liverpool,  Manchester in 1848 was accompanied by his wife. 

1852:        The birth of John Riley [the younger];
Child 4:   Meanwhile at Manchester Eliza gave birth to a third son John [now referred to as John 'the younger] was recorded born on the 
                 11th November 1852 at the Cotton Street address. Eliza was the informant and again she records the father as John Riley and 
                 herself as the mother Eliza  Riley formerly Tideswell signing the document with her mark.  

1853:      John leaves England late in 1853 to join his brothers in Australia, leaving Eliza and his children behind;
                A few months later John immigrated to Australia around end 1853 leaving Eliza and the children  behind.
                It is told in Family Legend that he arrive at the time of the Eureka Stockade [1854]. 
 
                Although John jnr. was born in November 1852 and the birth recorded a month later on 14th December 1852 the retrieval of the 
                actual document is noted dated 28th July 1854, which  would indicate that Eliza possibly needed the Document for immigration  
                purposes, embarking for Australia six months later in December.  No Certificate of Birth has been found for Catherine. 

1854:       Eliza and the children follow John to Australia;   
                 Eliza left England with her two children on the 28th December 1854 per  'Gambia' as an 'Assisted Migrant'.  The voyage was 
                 uneventful and only one soul was reported to have died on the journey.  Traveling under the name 'Riley' Eliza and the 
                 children arrived safely at Melbourne on the 22nd April 1855 the immigration document stating that Eliza was to be met by 
                 her husband John Riley resident at Harby Street Melbourne.  

1855:       John & Eliza marry;
                Three months later, John Riley married Eliza Tideswell on the 11th July 1855.  The marriage record is difficult to read but it 
                 appears that they were married in an Independent Church. The Ceremony was officiated by Thomas Odell,  their ages recorded 
                 as John thirty-four and Eliza thirty.  Their address was given as Bendigo Street and John's occupation - a labourer. John signs 
                 the document and Eliza made her mark.  Neither Patrick, James or William were one of the witnesses, this would indicate that 
                 because the ceremony was not held in the Catholic Church they were unable or refused to attend.  There are some indications
                 that John may have been previously married, the 2nd marriage outlawed by the Catholic Faith. 

1856:       The infant James Patrick Riley - birth & death; 
Child 5: The wedding brought the conception of another child.  Exactly nine months later Eliza bore another son James Patrick Riley 
                born on the 7th April 1856 at Bendigo Street North Melbourne.  This child too was not to survive and died on the eighth of 
                January 1857 at their home in Bendigo Street of  Phthisis at the age of 9 months.  His father John was informant and recorded 
                as being present at the time of his son's death. James Patrick was buried at the New Cemetery Melbourne on the 7th January. 
                Examining the certificate, the page contained many infant deaths all within the age of 3 weeks to eleven months, all these 
                children died within a few days of each other indicating that there was perhaps some virus or small epidemic during this time.    
                Kate was five years old when her brother James Patrick died, John jnr. was four years old and their mother Eliza was in the 
                third trimester of her sixth pregnancy. 
   
1857:      The infant James Michael Riley - birth & death;
Child 6: James Michael was born three months later on the 27th April 1857 at Bendigo Street recorded by Eliza giving John's occupation 
                as a labourer.  Here we find the entry relating to the two infant sons who died in England, for she recorded as siblings to the 
                infant; Catherine age four, John aged three and three sons deceased.  His death was recorded by his father at Bendigo Street on 
                the 4th May 1858 the cause Phthisis at age nine months. 
   
John's brothers Patrick, William & James Riley; 
             Meanwhile John's elder brother Patrick was living in his home at 4 Heath Street Sandridge North Melbourne with his wife 
             Elizabeth.  Although Elizabeth had been ill for many years of a disease related to the brain, during this time Patrick had become 
             a successful Land Agent, amassing a small fortune.  

            William & James also lived at Sandhurst both were prosperous owning property of substantial value. 

1858:   John's brother Patrick dies prematurely, his ailing wife dies soon after;    
             Four months after the death of his infant nephew James Michael, John's brother Patrick suddenly became ill.  After only a few 
             days he died on the 18th September 1858 of Serious (?)  Apoplexy from habitual (indecipherable) departing this life without issue 
             at the age of thirty-nine. 

            The Death Notice was published in the Argus on the 21st September stating that he died after a short but severe illness.
            The Burial Notice published the same day announced the Service to proceeded from his home at 8 am on Monday 21st September 
             when the brothers seem to have purchased a family grave in the Catholic Section at Melbourne General Cemetery where Patrick 
             was the first of ten to be interred. 
   
1858:    Patrick's Estate; 
             It was known that Patrick had died in-testate although leaving behind Assets and cash to the value of over two thousand pounds. 

            Two days after the funeral John took steps to gain Letters of Administration of his brother's Estate on behalf of himself and his 
            two younger brothers. On this document he stated that Patrick never married although William Michael, the informant on 
            Patrick's Death  Certificate records him marrying Elizabeth ten years previously at Liverpool England around 1848 [This is  
            the only reference to the marriage that can be found].    

            John's Application was immediately acted upon and directed that after a  period of two weeks during which time certain Affidavits, 
            an inventory of assets etc were to be presented. After filing all the prerequisites and the said items being approved, a letter of 
            Administration in John's name was to  be issued.    

1858:  Patrick's ailing wife Elizabeth [nee Oates] dies two weeks later;
            Over this fortnight Elizabeth's condition deteriorated and exactly two weeks after the death of her Patrick, Elizabeth died on the
            5th October 1858 succumbing to her long illness, departing this life without issue at the age of thirty-four. 

The brothers;
           A small insight into the personalities of the brothers can be seen clearly during this time. James was the informant Elizabeth's case 
           and there would appear that there was a strong difference of opinion between his two elder brothers as to the authenticity of Elizabeth 
           and Patrick's  marriage.  Not wanting to side with either, the part referring to Elizabeth's Martial Status, James  perhaps decided 
           discretion being the better part  of valour, left it blank.    

1858:  The day after Elizabeth's death on the 6th October, John filed the necessary Affidavit relating to Patrick's Estate.  The next day 
            Elizabeth's Funeral Procession left her home at Heath Street  2.30pm, it was a Thursday.  Notice in the Argile Newspaper that 
            morning  (7th October 1858)  gives her name as Mrs. Patrick Riley (William almost certainly arranged this advertisement).  
  
           The gathering reached the New Melbourne Cemetery where she was laid beside her beloved Patrick as the  second to be interred 
           in the Family Grave.    

           Perhaps none of the brothers actually knew if Elizabeth and Patrick were ever married or they possibly did not have proof and 
           there must have been much disagreement between the elder brothers. William attesting that they were married, John convinced that
           he wasn't and James possibly too young to know.  William was more honest than John as perhaps Patrick's Estate was at risk.  In  
           any case neither it seems would budge from their opinions.    

            A compromise was decided relating to Elizabeth's tombstone when they decided to engrave both names. Her gravestone reads;  

                                                                                             Eliza Riley  or Oats 
                                                                                                    7/10/1858  
                                                                                                     34 years.    

             The next day on the 8th October William and James Filed the  pre-requested Affidavits and the next day on the 9th October 1858 
             John was awarded the Letters of Administration relating to Patrick's Estate. 

John's youngest brother James Riley continues his career;
            Meanwhile young James was pursuing a Career in the Theatre under the stage name James C. [Coyne] Campbell when he began 
            a relationship with a young backstage seamstress by the name of Mary Ann Lake.   
'Kate' O'Reilly joins the family in Australia; 
             It was also around this time that another member of the family,  Catherine O’Reilly appeared in Australia.   Whether Kate was 
             the sister of John, Patrick, William and James, their sister-in-law or cousin has not been established,  investigations are still in 
             progress.   

             Whilst nothing was found recorded regarding the James’ career, Kate’s performances were highly publicized. 

1858:   Although purported to have performed in successfully in London, the first recorded appearance of Catherine in Australia was an 
            unflattering review  published Melbourne’s ‘The Argus’ on the 31st August 1858;
            Reviews: Princess’s Theatre.   "The well known, oft repeated, and never tiring Alelphi melodrama of
                                                                  'The  Flowers of the Forest' was given at this establishment last evening.  
                                                                 The particular reason for selection of this  piece was understood to be to 
                                                                  afford occasion for the debut of a Miss Kate O’Reilly, a young lady who 
                                                                  has acquired some celebrity on the gold-fields, but who has not, as we 
                                                                  understand appeared in any principal character in  Melbourne.  She is 
                                                                  apparently young, tolerably active, and has sufficiently loud voice, but her 
                                                                  acting is spasmodic and unnatural; her pronunciation of the English is 
                                                                  defiant of propriety and though she manifests abundant energy and vehemence, 
                                                                  there is little or no evidence of real genuine feeling.  She is not an acquisition 
                                                                  to the Melbourne Stage." 
              Reviews: The Argus: Sept. 2 1858;
   
                                                                 "At the Princess’s [Theatre] a murderous melodrama  entitled “Martha Willis, 
                                                                 or the Servant-maid!” was produced for the purpose of affording opportunity 
                                                                 for another appearance of Miss Kate O’Reilly.  The opinion we pressed in 
                                                                 reference to this young lady a day or two ago needs no modification.  If ungraceful 
                                                                 striding about and hysterical strangles were evidences of excellent acting, Miss 
                                                                 O’Reilly would have the highest title to the quality; but as demonstrations of 
                                                                 tenderness are not to be confounded with galvanizing clutchings, and as audible 
                                                                 inspiration does not mean pathos, it is only left for us to say that she is unable to 
                                                                 satisfy the requirements which an impartial judgment must believe that real 
                                                                 impersonation demands. 
1859:     Better Reviews followed in South Australia; 
              South Australia Advertiser Adelaide: 
                                                                "For that night’s performance advertised on July 20 1859; Victoria Theatre: 
                                                                 Program [Silk]; Grand Fashionable Night, Farewell Benefit of Miss Kate 
                                                                 O’Reilly, Wednesday, July 20, 1859. THE WIFE, A TALE OF MANUA.   
                                                                 Marianna the Wife – Miss Kate O’Reilly. 
                                                                 Under the Distinguished Patronage of his Excellency Sir Richard C. 
                                                                  MacDonnell, Governor in Chief. 
   
               The South Australian Advertiser the following day on July 21 advertised that Kate was re-engaged for two nights and would
                perform in the beautiful  drama, ‘The Flowers of the Forest.’  
   
               Newspaper ‘Bell's Life in Victoria’ September 10 1859;  
                                                                BEECHWORTH - The performances of Sheridan Knowles' play  of 'The Hunchback,' 
                                                                on Saturday [3rd Sept.] at The Star, was a most decided success. Miss O’Reilly, as Julia, 
                                                                showed a thorough knowledge of the part, and delivered the more important passages 
                                                                with due emphasis and intelligence. She was twice called before the curtain to receive  
                                                                the applause of the audience……
             James Riley was also playing in the same Theatre under his stage name James C. Campbell.  His relationship with Mary Ann 
             Lake had by this time developed intimacy and little known to all Mary Ann was in her first month of pregnancy.  

             On the next Monday night tragedy struck  when the Troupe played another appearance of “The Flowers in the Forest” and  
             James played the part of ‘the Wolf’ in one of the scenes:  
1859:    James Riley is accidentally stabbed during the Performance;

              Extracted from the Publication: ‘Bell's Life in Victoria’
                                 "A singular accident occurred on [5th Sept.] Monday night. The piece being played was the 'Flowers of 
                                  the Forest,' and in one of the  scenes Cynthia, a gypsy girl, played by Miss O’Reilly, has a struggle 
                                  with the Wolf,  Mr. J. C.Campbell,  the latter trying to wrest a poinard from her grasp.  In the encounter 
                                  Mr. Campbell was severely wounded on the left thigh. It is almost impossible to say how the accident 
                                  occurred, and even those persons sitting in the front seats did not observe that any wound had been inflicted 
                                  until their attention was drawn to it by the cries of the wounded man.  Several of the spectators from the 
                                  front seats then rushed on the stage and found that Mr. Campbell had fainted.  An examination at once 
                                  showed that he had been stabbed slightly below the left groin.  Dr Dempster was sent for, and his examination 
                                  of  the wound proved that though the knife had penetrated to the femoral artery, it had glanced off without 
                                  severing it.  Miss O’Reilly, who had been expressibly shocked by this most untoward accident, was, with the 
                                  rest of the performers, very assiduous in her attentions to the wounded man.   Mr. Campbell is now out of  
                                  danger under the care of Dr Dempster. 
 
1859/60: Doctors Publicly Berated over James's Treatment at Beechworth Hospital;
 
                Doubtlessly Kate’s distress increased when over the next few months James encountered proposed mismanagement of his wound
                 by doctors at Beechworth Hospital. 

                With the subsequent developed aneurysm, his condition gradually deteriorated.  He was admitted to  Beechworth Hospital 
                [exact date unknown] with Peritonitis resulting from his wound.  Meanwhile with James so ill young Mary Ann Lake waited as 
                her pregnancy approached the third trimester.  

                By mid January 1860 it was evident that James was becoming weaker.   Mary Ann visited James in hospital and on the 
                17th January 1860 accompanied by a Catholic Priest, Daniel Jordon.   The now dying James, barely able to whisper his name, 
                and in the witness  of John and Jane Coe, James Riley and Mary Ann Lake were married according the Rites of the Catholic 
                Church.  
      
                Two days later James Riley died at Beechworth Hospital on the 19th January 1860 aged twenty nine.  The Cause of Death was 
                noted as 1] [Anurysm?]. 2] duration: 4 months.  His middle name was recorded as ‘Campbell’  as on the Certificate of Marriage 
                two days before, these were both amended on  the 18th August 1916 to read James Coyne Riley the by the Registrar of Beechworth,
                Kathleen Alderdice. The informant was not identified.   

               James was interred at Beechworth Cemetery.  He was aged twenty-nine.

               Obituary: The Ovens & Murray Advertiser 24th January 1860;

                                                'FUNERAL OF MR. CAMPBELL, the remains of this unfortunate gentleman 
                                                 were conveyed to the Cemetery on Saturday last, several of our most 
                                                 influential townsmen attending, a last mark of respect to the deceased.                 

                The standard of his treatment and that of other patients in the hospital was highly berated by a Local Newspaper and the contoversy
                persisted over some time.

                The Ovens & Murray Advertiser further berates the treatment received by James; 
                
                                                BEECHWORTH:  Friday, January 20th 1860
 
                                                Another life sacrificed - The death of Mr. Campbell, who unfortunately received a stab
                                                in the upper part of his thigh while performing at the Star Theatre has created a 
                                                professional [?] amongst all [?] of the community and a personal feeling of indignation
                                                has now expressed with regard to his treatment the deceased has received at the hands
                                                of the medical man who had [?] in charge.  This lamentable occurrence ..... [barely legible]
                                                The unfortunate sufferer on first receiving his wound duly examined and attended to, but
                                                it does appear so extremely [?] that whoever the medical man was that attended him [?]
                                                not have been sufficiently skilled in the healing art to be able to [?] whether or not the 
                                                artery was injured.  That the doctors were of [?] in the care is clearly admitted by their 
                                                finding out at the last minute that the artery was wounded and taking the [?] measures
                                                to save the man's life. Their proceedings however was something like that of the man who
                                                closed the stable door after his horse had departed.  Poor Campbell is suffered to linger
                                                for weeks and months until strength is exhausted and he is almost at death's door and 
                                                then when he is utterly the operation of taking up the artery was performed.  Is not this
                                                [?] in the extreme?  If it was [?] to save life that Campbell be operated upon, why was not
                                                that extremity [?] when the wound was first inflicted an while he was sufficient [?] and
                                                strength to have good hopes at its being successful. It is fully evident that the medical man
                                                did not understand or comprehend the care, and poor Mr. Campbell has gone to his last
                                                home. A report is current, we hope without foundation, that Dr. Mitchell struck Campbell
                                                violently on the [?] of the wound about a week before his death, if the report is true, is
                                                very possibly arisen from a desire on the part of doctor to [?] how far the wound had healed,
                                                but our unprofessional view of the matter such a [?] [?] well calculated to cause the artery 
                                                to break forth again.  Although in this particular instance Dr. Mitchell is not the principal
                                                [?] of the [?] is still within a brief space of a very few short months no less than three lives
                                                have been [?] and another even now is in [?] danger owing to the [?] that has befallen the 
                                                last victim Mr. Campbell.  No doubt this ....... who have shown a want of skill or attention 
                                                in the sacrifices of human life - but with such a ...... there is nothing we can do.  Our duty is
                                                very plain.  We have a public grievance to expose and we will not shrink from the task. Our
                                                readers are too familiar with the case of John Boyle to be further enlightened by our [?]
                                                But we must mention one fact that is pertent to all.  The life of John Boyle was sacrificed 
                                                either by incompetence or neglect of using proper written instructions.  We have heard of
                                                another case where the victim in the [?] of a man from .......who was injured on the ankle 
                                                when falling into a dam.  We now come again to the case of Mr. Campbell ..[the rest of the
                                                text from the scan of the news article is barely legible].  

                The Ovens & Murray Advertiser,  Friday January 27th 1860; 

                                  ..... He accuses us [meaning the Advertiser] of stating that the operation on Mr. Campbell was improperly performed
                                  is entirely untrue, we found no fault with the skill displayed by the medical man on that occasion but we blamed them
                                  for not operating when the patient was first admitted; there may have been professional reasons for the course of 
                                  action that was adopted but as we before said, we think that if the artery was wounded it would have been discovered 
                                  at the time.

               Kate was distraught; 
               The following article appeared in the publication 'Bell's Life in Victoria’

                                               "Miss Kate O’Reilly: Expected shortly at Back Creek. (BL 3/12/1859.) 
                                                 Brother in law Mr. Campbell died at Beechworth, therefore she did 
                                                 not appear at Lamplough. (BL 28/1/1860. 

               Theatre Royal. (MADA 20/4,23/4/1860);

                                                 Jan 28 1860 from Lamplough [not far from Back Creek]:

                                                 "Miss O'Reilly who was announced for Monday, did not play, in 
                                                  consequence of a  domestic calamity. We refer to the death of her 
                                                  brother-in-law, Mr. Campbell,  whose accident at Beechworth we 
                                                  recorded sometime since ..."
   
              [Whether Catherine was in fact James sister-in-law has not yet been proven]

1860:    The Birth of James's Daughter; 
   
             The ensuing three months brought about the birth of James’ daughter at Lock Street Beechworth on the 4th march 1860.  
             James's infant daughter  was registered under the name of Marion Kate O’Reilly, her father James Campbell O’Reilly 
             age 29, actor and mother Mary Ann formerly Lake, aged 20yrs, born Northampton, England.  The birth was assisted by 
             B.C. Hutchinson.  
 
             This document was also amended on the 18th August 1916 to  read James ‘Coyne’ Riley also correcting the child’s Christian 
             Name to ‘Mary Ann Kate’ from ‘Marion Kate’ and the Surname amended to read ‘Riley’  not ‘O’Reilly’.  This amendment was  
             recorded by the Beechworth Registrar Kathleen Alderdice ‘on the written  authority of the Govt. Statist’ who noted on each 
             of the three documents ‘I,  Kathleen Alderdice, registrar of births and deaths for the district of  Beechworth hereby certify the 
             above to be a true copy of the original Entry in  a, and of all amendments made in such entry pursuant to law.  The informant
             was not identified.

             Considering that the rest of the family using the name 'Riley' instead the surname ‘O’Reilly’ which was used for the Birth 
             document, which the name used  frequently by Kate and that the child’s second name was Kate leads to believe that understandably 
             Kate had taken an integral role in Mary Ann's life during her last months of pregnancy and very probably attended Registration.   
             How long this persisted is not known as there were no further articles pertaining to Kate’s performances.

1860:    John & William Riley resume their lives - Sarah Riley is born; 

Child 7:Meanwhile John and Eliza had moved to 4 Miller Street in West Melbourne.  Eliza was again pregnant and near Term.  
             Three weeks after John's brother James's tragic death Eliza gave birth to a daughter, Sarah Riley born on the 17th February 
             1860 at their home in Miller Street, registered by her father John three days later who was at that time working as a Land Agent.  
             Her siblings, Katherine (Kate) was now nine and John [the younger] was seven. 
   
1861:     Ada Riley is born;
Child 8: By the end of the year Eliza was pregnant once more and in the New Year on the 22nd June 1861 another daughter Ada Riley
               was born.  Eliza was attended by Dr. Barnsdale, the birth recorded by John two weeks later. 

              Eliza was by now thirty-seven and the matured John now forty continued to work as a Land Agent living in their family home 
              at 4 Miller Street, Melbourne  with their four children Kate now ten, John 'the younger' eight, Sarah one and their infant 
              daughter Ada. 
   
1863:      Emily Riley is born; 
Child 9: Another two years past and on the 5th November 1863 at the age of forty Eliza gave birth to another daughter, Emily Riley.  
              The birth was attended by midwife, Mrs.White and registered by the father a little over three weeks later.    

1864:      Child 8 dies at age three; 
               All went well for about 5 months when around the 12th of April 1864 little Ada now just three months from her third birthday
               took sick with pneumonia.  Within 2 weeks the little toddler succumbed to exhaustion from the illness and died on the 26th 
               April age two years nine months. Ada was placed beside her Uncle Patrick and her namesake his wife Ada at the Melbourne 
               Cemetery being the third Riley to be placed in  the Family Grave.  At the funeral Kate was thirteen, John was eleven, Sarah 
               four and Emily five months.    

The birth of Ada Riley [2];
Child 10; Almost exactly two years later, at the age of forty-two Eliza gave birth to the last of her ten children on the 12th March 1866,
                they named her Ada Riley. 
   
                The first Ada's death must have had a great impact on John.  While the loss of sons he seemed to dismiss, little Ada was the first 
                daughter he had buried.  John's information on the second  Ada's Birth Record  shows his state of mind, he could only record 
                those of her siblings who had died and for the first time and instead of recording the blunt entry of '3  dead' etc. as before, he 
                instead recorded the names of all these children singularly omitting only one, an infant son who had died in England. 
   
                Over the next ten years John and Eliza remained in Miller Street, John  continuing working as a Land Agent, with the very 
                strong likelihood that the Family Legend was correct in implying that William continued educating his nieces and nephews. 
   
1873:       John Riley [the elder] dies; 
                 In March 1873 John became ill and later investigations showed that he was suffering from Bright's Disease, a renal condition.  
                 The illness lasted over twelve months when around July 1874 he was taken to Melbourne Hospital and admitted to the Bourke 
                 Ward.  On the 24th of July solicitors were called and John made out his Will naming his wife Eliza Riley his executrix and 
                  beneficiary.  Two days later, on the 26th July 1874 he departed this life joining his brother and daughter, interred at 
                  Melbourne Cemetery in the Family Grave.  

                 He was survived by his wife Eliza now fifty, and his five surviving children; Catherine [Kate] [the younger] twenty-three, 
                 John [the younger] now twenty-one, Sarah fourteen, Emily eleven and the youngest Ada eight.   

                 Will of John Riley [the elder]; 

                                   I John Riley of No. 4 Miller Street West Melbourne in Victoria, Land Agent, revoking all former Wills
                                   do hereby declare as my last Will to be as follows:-  
                                   I devise and bequeath all my real and personal Estate unto my wife Eliza Riley, her heirs, Executors and
                                   administrators absolutely.  And I appoint the said Eliza Riley my Executrix - In witness whereof I have 
                                   hereto set my hand the twenty fourth day of July One thousand eight hundred and seventy four. 
                                    
                                   [Signed] John Riley
                                   Signed by the said Testator John Riley as his last Will in the presence of us,  present at the same time and
                                   who in his presence at his request and in the presence of Each other have hereunto subscribed our names
                                   as Witnesses:   B.J. Wilson, Clerk to Bermell, [?] Solicitor, Mary Walters [?], 15 Miller Street, Melbourne.

                  With her youngest daughters Sarah, Emily and Ada still dependant Eliza began steps to secure John's Estate worth two 
                  hundred and twenty pounds. [other documents]  

                  As Eliza could not read nor write she was probably helped by her brother-in-law William who was 
                  working as an Auctioneer.  There seems no cash left by John although he worked as a Land Agent most of his life in Australia.  
                  No mention was made of the Family Home in the required Inventory of his Estate. The only assets were Household  goods to 
                  the value of twenty pounds, a Life Insurance Policy for one hundred  pounds and his Real Estate comprising of parcel of vacant 
                  land consisting of thirteen and a half acres valued at one hundred pounds. 

                  After Filing the necessary Affidavits Eliza was granted the Estate on the fourth September 1874. 

                  An interesting observation is that John's son John jnr. (our grandfather) made his income from being a bookmaker.  Although 
                  no mention has been made in the Family Legend that his father was a gambler. 
                                                                              Epilogue
Eliza Riley nee Tideswell: wife of John Riley. Born Manchester England 1824-1904; 
             Eliza lived a further twenty-nine years, during which time she moved into her daughter Catherine's home at 47 Alfred Crescent 
             Fitzroy. 

             Family Legend tells that Eliza would drive her horse and buggy around the Melbourne Streets looking for Land in which to invest.
             
             Eliza Riley died on the 28th March 1903 of acute pneumonia at the age of seventy-nine surviving her husband John by thirty  years.   
             She was survived by four of her ten children, Catherine fifty-three, her son John fifty-one, Emily 'Emma' forty and Ada Mary  
             thirty-six. 
Catherine [Kate] Riley 'the younger': the eldest daughter of John and Eliza Riley Born 1851 Manchester England;
             Soon after her father's death, Kate met a young bootmaker she was the first of the  children to marry.  At the age of twenty-seven 
             Catherine Riley married William Spry at St. Andrew's House, Carlton, Victoria according to the Rites of  the Presbyterian Church.   
             The marriage was recorded witnessed by her brother John.  Also attending would have been her mother Eliza aged fifty-four and  
             her three sisters Sarah eighteen, Emily fifteen and Ada twelve. Catherine and William had six children. 
             Over the years Catherine was often visited by her brother John and his wife Amelia and  their two children,  Olive and Harold who 
             loved her dearly. She was the longest surviving child of John and Eliza Riley. 

             Catherine Spry nee Riley died a widow and was not buried in the Family Grave but lays at rest beside her husband. 
             Details withheld. 
John Riley; the eldest surviving son of John and Eliza Riley born Manchester England 1852-1911; 
              John became a successful Racecourse Bookmaker.  Eight years after his father's death
              John Coyne Riley married Amelia Ann Wright on the 16th August 1881 at St. Paul's Church Melbourne, according to the rites of 
              the Church of England. The marriage witnessed by Amelia's sister Julia. John died suddenly on the 15th October 1911 of Ruptured 
              Aortic Aneurysm  (Heart Attack) a month before his fifty-ninth birthday.   He is buried in the Family Grave in Melbourne 
              Cemetery.

             John Riley was survived by his wife Amelia of thirty years marriage and two of their four children Olive, twenty six and Harold, 
             twenty-two. 
William Riley: brother of John [the elder]- the last surviving Riley brother born Dublin Ireland c.1818 -1887;
             Fourteen years after his brother John's death William now in his early sixties had  been suffering with rheumatic gout for some 
             months.  Admitted into Melbourne Hospital he was placed in the Gipps Ward.   

            William Riley died in Hospital on the 22nd of May 1887 succumbing  to his illness.  William a devout Catholic, never married and died 
            without  issue.  It is assumed that he once was the illusive priest of Family Legend, who spent his life educating his nieces & nephews.
            William Riley  was laid to rest in the Melbourne Cemetery with his brothers and father at the age of sixty-three. 
Emily Riley: daughter of John and Eliza. Born Victoria Australia 1863 - 1913; 

           At the age of twenty-four, fifteen years after her father's death, Emily Riley married widower Alfred Tennyson Dickens the son of the 
           English Author Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine at Moon Street Fitzroy on the 22nd June 1888.  Alfred's first wife, the 
           renown Melbourne beauty 'Jessie Devlin'  was killed in a traffic accident in Melbourne with her young daughter. 
           [news article: One of Chas. Dickens's daughter-in-law, Mrs. Alfred Tennyson  Dickens, has met a terrible death in Australia, where 
           her husband has, for several years, been living and prospering.   She was driving out with her little daughter, when the horse became 
           frightened and, running away,  finally overturned the carriage. The child was killed and the young wife was so dreadfully injured 
           that she died.]  

           Alfred was left to care for their two surviving daughters.  It seems to have been sometime soon after Eliza Riley's death 1904, upon 
           investigating their mother's Estate that her sister Catherine discovered a fraud.  Certain  property owned by her mother had been 
           discreetly sold off over the previous nine years. As Eliza could not either read nor write, the signature on the Documents of Sale 
           was investigated.  Enquiries revealed that Emily, over these years had sold off certain property owned by her mother.    

           The Spry Family was said to threaten action.   Emily was said to have been encouraged to do this by catering to her husband's needs.
           Emily's husband left Australia and Emily said to be heartbroken and penniless began working as a domestic servant for some years. 

           Emily Dickens nee Riley died in Hospital on the  23rd of February 1913 of Pneumonic ulcerative 'endocarditis?' parting this life 
           without issue at the age of fifty.  Although buried in Melbourne Cemetery  there seems no record of her being buried in the Family 
          Grave.  Family Legend implies her death was caused in that she simply 'gave up' because of a broken heart. 
Sarah Riley: daughter of John and Eliza. Born Victoria Australia [1860-1895];
 
           Sarah Riley possibly remained with her mother and unmarried sister for most of her adult life. Sarah worked as a domestic servant.  
           She parted this life twenty-one years after her father's death, on the 21st April 1895 succumbing to exhaustion due to a Disease of 
           the Kidneys and Liver.  Sarah Riley was buried six days later in the Family Grave at Melbourne Cemetery at the age of thirty-four.  
           Sarah Riley died unmarried and without issue. 
Ada Mary Riley: daughter of John and Eliza born Victoria Australia  1866 - 1906 
           Ada Mary Riley died unmarried and without issue two years after her sister Sarah on the 1st August 1906 of Carcinoma of the 
           Vagina at Hospital at the age of thirty-nine. She is buried in the Family Grave at Melbourne Cemetery. 
   
Kate O'Reilly;  daughter or daughter-in-law of Michael Riley & Catherine nee Coyne;
           
            No further information has been found for Kate.  

Mary Ann Riley: nee Lake; 

           No further information has been found for Mary Ann. 

Mary Ann [Mariane] Riley: daughter of James Riley and Mary Ann nee Lake;
           Marian married William Alexander in 1879.
           Marian and William had seven children. 
           [Further Details withheld for the sake of family privacy]

                                                       Copies of Old Family Photos are available to genuine Family Members

                   Further details for all bdm's post 1905 and in some cases prior have been omitted for the sake of family privacy.

                      Enquiries from genuine family members are welcomed by contacting the Webmaster below who will direct
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