Scard Family - One Name Study
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~ FEATURE SNIPPET ~
"Scard's boy" - The Legacy
The loss of his mother at the age of seven and his care given into the hands of the Parish undoubtedly had a profound effect on young William simply known as 'Scard's boy'. The effect of these traumas is reflected in his grandsons, legendary for their compassion. William's grandson Moses by his son Robert was documented during the Newport Uprising in 1839 when ignoring certain repercussions, he knelt down to give a drink of water to a dying boy. The young insurgent, aware of the danger had pinned a letter to his coat addressed to his mother. Many years later William's great grandson Simeon, also of Wales became legendary for his tireless work with orphaned and pauper children, relentlessly lobbying and dauntlessly promoting community projects helping countless children find employment, often to the point of ridicule among his peers. Stories such as these in other of their siblings and cousins reflect a Legacy left in silent tribute to the courage of this gentle boy of many decades past. Site Author J.S.Adams

Scard One Name Study
Researched, Compiled & Written by Judith-Anne S Adams ©2006










Biography

  William Scard  &  Margaret Groves
[1753-1829]                      [1756-1837]

of Cerne Abbas, Dorset, England 

Also 
Son: William Scard [1792-1829]& Phoebe Gover - See Epilogue



*** New evidence *** There are other 'Feature Stories'   
 at the beginning of each Cerne Abbas Biography  


Digitised scans courtesy of Ancestry.com
Background - Artist's impression of an orphan boy at a workhouse
by Eric Olsen - olsendainesbk.blogspot.com
Used to depict "Scard's Boy" at Cerne Abbas - Poor House Records in 1764
"Lest we forget our humble beginnings"  J.S.Adams - site author
                                                                      Biography of William Scard [1753-1829] of Cerne Abbas
                                                                                      Researched, compiled and written by Judith-Anne S Adams (Scard Descendant)

                                                        Genuine Scard Descendants are welcome to print this page providing the content is not used for commercial purposes
                                                                                                         and that the author and this website is cited. 
Timeline
1753-60:        William Scard was born the only child of William Scard by his wife Elizabeth nee Jenkins, baptised at Cerne Abbas Dorset on the 19th June 1753 
                       recorded 'son of William Scard'  His parents were married at Mintern Magna, later settling at Cerne Abbas.   His father had been ill for several 
                       months before his death the following year.  Documents recording him suddenly dependant on the Parish reveal his medical expenses, coffin were paid
                       in 1754 often recorded under the name 'John Scard'.  Subsequently the Parish gave alms to his widow and infant son during which time Elizabeth was 
                        sometimes affectionately recorded as "Bet. Scard".  Elizabeth died six years later in 1760 the Parish also recording expenses relating to her untimely 
                       death.  See Digitised images in the Biography of William Scard [<1730-1754] of Cerne Abbas. 

1761-64:         The orphaned young William's care fell to the Parish Overseers of the Poor when he was documented severally simply as "Scard's boy".   
                        It is evident that neither of his parents had any kin at Cerne, an indication that both parents' ancestral village/s were elsewhere. (See Notes before the Epilogue)
                         An  entry in the Poor House Accounts at Cerne Abbas dated 10th april 1762 for "a pair of breeches for Scard's boy --- 2 shillings and 6 pence 
                         and another entry on the 22nd April 1764 "Paid Boles for a pair of Breeches for Scard's Boy ---- 2 shillings.
                                                                                                            1762  1764   images courtesy of Ancestry - click to enlarge

                                  The reference to "Boles" was likely either the resident custodian of the alms house although there was an ambiguous reference to Mr. Boles
                                   or Boyes who was the local surgeon and appothcary who was recorded treating William's father just before his death in 1754, although it seems 
                                   doubtful that he would take an orphan boy into care. Detail of the conditions at the old alms house is sparse, which was replaced in 1841. 
                                   There is no record of the Parish paying any family for William's upkeep during this time.  

                        "Cerne Abbas had an almshouse but no trace of the building exists today, unless it was part of the Pitchmarket" (Victorian History of Dorset kindly 
                        submitted by OPC). 
                        Little is known of the conditions in the old almshouse at Cerne which is believed to be the same workhouse said to have been built in 1755 but no mention
                         was found in the Overseer's of the Poor Records.  Some notes extracted from these records during the early period indicate that on occasions boys were 
                        'farmed out' to families within the community at a cost to the Parish of  £1. 2. 6d although some likely remained at the workhouse which was replaced in 1841. 
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                 partial view of the old pitchmarket building at Cerne now Heritage Listed
                                                                                                           Note: There are several images of this building online.
                                                                                                                     examples: http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/631678 
                                                                                                                                      http://www.dorsets.co.uk/photos/img478.htm

1765-71:          William was aged eleven in 1764 when he disappears from the Poor Law Records from this point.  There is some evidence to suggest he may have been 
                         mercifully extracted from the almshouse and taken into the care of a family at this time. Disappointing in that although he was ripe at age eleven for 
                         apprencticeship, there is no record of the Parish paying for any such Indenture, however he appears to have been taught confident literacy skills during 
                         his adolescence displayed in his Marriage Certificate in 1780.  Whosoever took over his care may be reflected in the names of his two eldest children, 
                         to whom he has given the greatest of honours, their namesakes taking  precedence to his own parents in the naming sequence, however this is yet 
                         unproved and the names could be associated with the Groves Family (see further below). This is discussed in the Biography of his son William however
                         there are more clues to follow below. 

                                                            Walter Scard & Rebecca Burford  -   unlikely grandparents (another William Scard was found more suitable as their son)
                                                            The Scard Family of nearby Hilton - Robert & Susannah   - looks inviting                    
                                                            There are several other hypotheses 
                                                            See full details  Biography of William's father William Scard senior (aka John) of Cerne

1774:                We next find William eight years later recorded in the 1774 Militia Muster, the first of a series of Militia lists, which was an early form of Conscription 
                         for Part Time Military Units for a period of three years mainly training for defence of the Home Front if ever needed. Chosen by Lot bodied men between
                         the ages of 18yrs to 45yrs in each village to be listed as potential candidates not all were selected depending on the quota required at the time.  There were 
                         some 'automatic' exemptions i.e.  when they had too many dependant children or if the nominee could find another to take his place. These substitutes 
                         were sometimes bribed by the nominee to complete Terms, which had the added advantage in that the recruits were also compensated monetarily by the
                         Crown for loss of work during their part-time training periods.  One such substitue was found by William Scard.
                               
                         Here young William is recorded aged 19yrs, living at Minterne Magna, a Servant. His substitute was Robert Duffit of Sturminster Newton paid 16 shillings. 
                         It is probable that William, although technically still in his minority would have been living independantly during this time, probably at the home of his
                         employer.   In view that 'Robert' is chosen by William as a namesake for his eldest son, perhaps descendants may wish to also like to explore this avenue
                         at Sturminster or perhaps investigate a probable employer at Minterne Magna (2miles NNW of Cerne Abbas).

                         The question now arises "Who paid the 16 shillings" for William's substitute? 
                         During  the eighteenth century wages could be as low as two or three pounds per year  for a domestic servant, plus food, lodging and clothing. 
                         
                         William was essentially still in his minority thus would have possibly been paid from around this figure or possibly more thus at this rate could imply an 
                         equivalent of at least one month's wages. .  The scenario develops that either;
                                      a) William was reluctant to enlist and paid the money out of his savings (extrordinary for a 19year old during this era) 
                                      b) His employer found him too valuable to be called away for intermittent training sessions and paid the money
                                      c)  Option a) & b) - his employer paid the money out of William's advance wages. 
                                      d) His possible foster family came to his aide.                          
                                                                                                                           (Column 7: Sum Recd = 'Sum recorded' on other listings)

1780:                 Eight years later William had risen in status to attract the daughter of Simeon Groves, a sucessful yeoman, well known within the Cerne Parish. 
                          At the age of twenty-seven William Scard married twenty-four-year-old Margaret Groves by Banns at Cerne Abbas on the 4th June 1780. 
                          Witnesses: Simeon Groves [bride's father or brother] & Arthur Hodges (Parish Clerk? The Hodges Family signed many documents at Cerne)
                          The Groom signed his name confidently as did both witnesses, the bride made her mark. 
                          The Bride:  Margaret Groves was born in 1756 the daughter of Simeon Groves, Yeoman of Cerne Abbas and his wife Betty.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
1781-85:           A year after their marriage evidence reveals that Margaret's father became very ill, describing himself  "sick and weak" and although he subsequently
                         recovered, nonetheless he published his Last Will and Testament on the 30th April 1781.   His Principal Legatees were;
                                                                         His wife Betty was given house & household goods for her lifetime then to fall to only son.  
His son Simeon was the main beneficiary inheriting all messuages, lands, tenements, monies etc. Daughters & grandsons were bequeathed £5 each two years after testator's [if minors, then received at age twenty-one]
Daughter:  Margaret, wife of William SCARD
Daughter:  Barbara, wife of Richard BROADBY
Daughter:  Betty GROVES (still in her minority)
Daughter:  Sarah, wife of William FRAMPTON
Son:  Simeon GROVES
Grandson:  William GILLINGHAM (a minor)
Grandson:  John TOMKINS, (a minor) natural son of daughter, Sarah, now the wife of William FRAMPTON Witnesses:  Levi GROVES & Thos. WILTSHIRE
Extract was kindly provided by ClaireSmith-Burns - Cerne Abbas Online Parish Clerk The Anomaly: A few months later, a year after their marriage, Margaret gave birth to a son Robert in July 1781 followed by a daughter Susannah within two years. The names used for these first born infants are remarkable in that they take precedence over William's parents, whose namesakes were next born, but more of this at the end of the Biography after we weave our way through the other evidence.
1785: On the 15th April 1785 Margaret's father Simon Groves was buried at Cerne Abbas, his Will - Administration Granted 1785 (no further date details). See Image of his Will
Issue: Over the ensuing years several more children were baptised at Cerne Abbas. In all William and Margaret had eight children, of whom only five survived their minority. 1781 Robert Scard [1781-1782] baptised 29th July 1781 - "Robert was buried 25th June 1782 son of William Scard" Namesake of uncertain 1783 Susannah Scard [1783-1803] baptised 17th April 1783 - "Susannah was buried 10th February 1803 age 19" Namesake of uncertain 1784 Robert Scard [1784-1864] - by inference - born Cerne Abbas [Census] - Robert married Sarah Moors. See Epilogue 1785 Elizabeth Scard [1785-?] baptised 27th November 1785 - Elizabeth married William Fry. See Epilogue Namesake of William's mother Elizabeth (nee Jenkins) 1789 William Scard [1789 - pre 1792] baptised 11th October 1789 - William died in infancy or early childhood. Namesake of William's father 1792 William Scard [1792-1826] baptised 19th Sept. 1792 - William married Phoebe Gover & had issue. See Epilogue. 1793 James Scard [1793-1888] baptised 14th July 1793 - James married Esther White & had issue. See Epilogue. The choice of this name is also interesting 1797 Simeon Scard [1797-1881] baptised 1st October 1797 - Simeon married Mary Furber. See Epilogue Namesake of Margaret's father 1792 In 1792, at the age of thirty-nine William acquired the Lease of a newly built cottage and garden in Barton Lane, Cerne Abbas. Property: Deed Documents - Cerne Abbas;                Pitt-Rivers family of Dorset - Estate Papers-DEEDS - National Archives, Kew Online Catalogue
              Dorset - Cerne Abbas: File ref.  D/PIT/T158  -  Date: 1792, 1808 - Newly built cottage and garden in Barton Lane. (Rivers, Scard).'
The family moved to the new property with their then four children Robert, Susannah Elizabeth and their infant son William. The births of their sons James and Simeon followed and it was in this house that the children spent their childhood. William renewed the lease sixteen years later in 1808. 1796 During the interim William was again recorded on the Militia List for Cerne. Listed in 1796 his name was 'crossed out' he then being aged forty-three. William was recorded as height 5'6", a labourer with five children. The five children were Susanna aged 13yrs (then living); Robert aged 12yrs; Elizabeth aged 11yrs; William aged 4 years; James aged 3 years (Simon not born) All Documents downloaded courtesy of ancestry Small Pox; There is evidence to suggest that during this time the family had fallen victim to Small Pox in a document dated 1826 relating to his son James who was recorded aged thirty-nine, 5' 6 1/2" tall amongst other distinguishing features including "very much pitted with the small pox". It is not known whether William contracted the disease or if any of his other children carried the scars. Certainly William was no stranger to the disease, a major outbreak occurring at Cerne Abbas not long after the death of his mother in 1760. 1803 The death of their eldest daughter Susannah comes as a shock and may perhaps herald the time when small pox affected the family. "Susannah Scard buried 10th February 1803 age 19" recoreded at Cerne Abbas
1808             Five years later at the age of fifty-five William renewed the lease on the Barton Lane Property.  From this point he is recorded in the rate books recorded as 
                     "William Scard Senior" paying an average of one penny each year from 1808 until his death in 1829.   His son William noted 'Junior' is recorded
                     in the same rate books from 1812 and much later his youngest son Simon is also listed amongst Rate Payers at Cerne Abbas.  
                     All the Rate Assessments during these years are more or less the same format.
                                                                                                                   1808 Cerne Abbas Rate Books - courtesty of Ancestry
                     See the Scard Properties by Lot Number; 
                     Map of the Manor of Cerne Abbas by Benjamin Pryce circa 1776-1798.  Courtesy of Dorset History Centre (ref: D/PIT/P6)
                     http://www.opcdorset.org/CerneAbbasFiles/CerneAbbasAdemMap1798.htm 

1810             Two years later his son William at the age of twenty-one married Phoebe Gover by Banns  at Cerne Abbas3rd April 1810
                     The Witnesses;  William Shephard and Mary Shorto have not been found connected so far  - see biography.
                     William [the younger] worked as a Fellmonger Journeyman and the couple took residence at Duck Street, Cerne Abbas where several children
                      were born during his father's lifetime. Within two years William Scard "Junior" appears in the Rate Books simultaneously with his father,  
                      establishing a house and land at Cerne Abbas. While his father paid only 1 penny rates annually, William junior paid over 6 shillings, indicating 
                      a substantially larger property.    See Epilogue. 
                                        
1812             Two years later William's elder son Robert married Sarah Moors by Banns 7th July  1812 at Melcombe Horsey
                     No connection to the witnesses, John Moors and Jemima Baker has been found to date. 
                     Robert & Sarah took residence at Acreman Street, Cerne Abbas where he worked in several diversified occupations such as Carrier, Cheesemonger & 
                     Shopkeeper, during which time he had several issue during his father's lifetime. See Epilogue.  

1818             His son William was a witness to the Will of Elizabeth Morris, spinster of Cerne Abbas, signing the document "William Skeard Junr." [OPC]
                     No connection between the Morris and Scard families has been found to date. 
                                  
1819             The following year at the age of twenty-six William's son James married Esther White at Mapperton 20th Feb 1819 at Mapperton [10 miles E of Cerne]
                     The witnesses were Simeon Scard (the groom's brother) and Fanny Holt (no connection found to date). The bride was nine years his senior. 
                     James was shown to have worked as a Fellmonger in his father's lifetime and later as an Agricultural Labourer. See Epilogue.

                     Sons William and Robert appear to have developed literacy skills, signing their marriage certificates. Later younger son Simon also followed this pattern.  
                     James was the only one of the Scard brothers not to have nurtured these skills. At this time William was aged sixty-six and still resident in his house at 
                     Cerne with his wife Margaret now aged sixty-three. 

1821             Son Robert Scard was a witness in the marriage of Edward Partington 'of Cerne Abbas' and Dinah Antell at Cerne Abbas 27th August 1821. (BT OPC)
                     Robert's relationship to the couple is unknown, it is considered he may have been a friend to the couple. 

1823             Another property is Leased at Cerne Abbas;
                     Simon appears in the Cerne Abbas Rate Books in 1823 joining the list alonside his father and brother William during this year.   
                                                                        FILE  ref.  D/PIT/T192 - National Archives, Kew.
                                                                        Date: 1823
              Messuage*, yard, and buildings. (Rivers, Scard).
* The term ‘Messuage’ equates to a dwelling house and includes outbuildings, orchard, curtilage or courtyard and garden. At one time 'Messuage’ supposedly had a more extensive meaning than the term house or site.The term no longer survives. 1825-6 Three years later the last of William's surviving children married. Youngest son Simeon married Mary Furber 17th January 1825 at Cerne Abbas followed by his daughter Elizabeth married William Fry 8th May 1826 also at Cerne Abbas, her brother Simon witnessing the marriage. See Epilogue. 1828-9 The year 1829 was the last time that the two brothers and their father were recorded together in the Rate Books. Late in the previous year William Junior had become ill and supported by the Parish this year his rate payments had been reduced by the Church Wardens from 6 shillings to a mere nine pence. Cerne Abbas Rate Book 1829 As William junior's health deteriorated over the following months, both he and his family were supported by the Parish with monthly alms to add to this sad sequence of events evidence implies that his wife Phoebe had a child in utero (see details in Epilogue). During his illness he and his wife and infant son were recorded under the care of the Overseers of the Poor for the few months leading up to his death. William Scard [the younger] was buried at Cerne Abbas on the 25th June 1829 recorded 'age 39' years, noted of Duck Street leaving his widow Phoebe of nineteen years marriage and ultimately eight young children the two youngest of whom Robert and Mary were recorded in a dual baptism four months after the death of their father. Evidence of these events is recorded in the Overseers of the Poor Records, Images are displayed in the Biography of his son William.
                   William 'Junr' mirrored his great grandfather who also died at Cerne seventy-five years earlier in 1754 in that he seems to have become ill rather suddenly 
                   and the haunting Déjà vu affect on his aging father appears to have taken its toll. Seven days prior to his deceased son's youngest children dual 
                   baptism, William Scard [the elder] died "William Scard  of Dorchester Road, Cerne Abbas buried 5th October 1829 aged 78". 

                   William Scard [the elder] was survived his wife Margaret aged 73 of forty-nine years marriage and four of his eight children; Robert [married] aged 45, 
                   Elizabeth [married] aged 44, James [married] aged 36, Simon [married] aged thirty-two and also sixteen grandchildren issuing from his sons including 
                   eight by his recently deceased son William.                    
                   Entries in the Rate Books record a "widow Scard" who paid  one penny per year. This is the same amount previously paid by William senior and was probably 
                    his widow Margaret rather than Phoebe.  In 1832 an entry in the OP Records for rent paid on behalf of 'Widow Scard' 10/-.  There is no address on the records
                    and may indicate hat both Margaret, Phoebe and the children shared the same house on Dorchester Road or this may have been the deceased William junior's 
                    property in Duck Street.

1837:          William's widow Margaret Scard [nee Groves] survived him by a further eight years and was buried at St. Mary the Virgin, Cerne Abbas on the 24th Jan 1837 
                    at the recorded age of  81years.
Further Reading

Scard Home Page Index 
Has been updated extensively displaying the Full Extent 
of the Scard Family Research
Also UPDATES
There are several other research results recently posted
OR continue
      reading about the Cerne Abbas Family from the EPILOGUE below 
and/or select a Cerne Abbas Biography from the top left panel
Trivia:                       The old workhouse at Cerne Abbas is purported to have been built around  1741  although it was replaced in 1841.
          
                                         Fire &  Hurricane:   There was a fire at Cerne in  November 1828 which spread through most of the town, Citizens 
                                                                             rallied to fight the blaze, fortunately no loss of life was reported. A  few weeks later a Hurricane 
                                                                             tore its way through the village destroying many buildings. The Full  Story was published in 
                                                                             several  newspapers and transcribed by Graham Clark of Ponsonby, Auckland, New Zealand
                                                                             - see Cerne Abbas Online Parish Clerk Website Page
                                                                            http://www.opcdorset.org/CerneAbbasFiles/CerneAbbasFire1828.htm                                           
Epilogue
 Robert Scard [1784-1864]  son of William Scard & and his wife Margaret [nee Groves]
                                     Robert & and his wife Sarah [nee Moors] remained at Cerne till around 1851 when they moved to Newport, Wales, where their son Moses 
                                     had established himself since 1839. Both Robert Scard and his wife Sarah remained at Newport, Wales until their deaths. 
                                                                   Further Reading - See Biography of Robert Scard [1784-1864]
Elizabeth Scard [1785- between 1861-1871] daughter of William Scard & and his wife Margaret [nee Groves];
                                     Elizabeth married at the age of forty-one;
                                                   Elizabeth Scard married William Fry 8th May 1826 by Banns at Cerne Abbas
                                                   Witnesses:  Simeon Scard & Mary Scard. [FHO]
                                     CAUTION: Elizabeth and William may have had one child James Fry born in 1829.
                                                          1851 Census gives one Elizabeth Fry aged 65 [born Cerne Abbas] living at West Street, Sydling with son James [born Sydling]
                                                          aged 22 [1851].  They also appeared in the 1861 Census with James noting Elizabeth as his mother. It is unknown if the entry is relevant.
William Scard [1792-1829]  son of William Scard and his wife Margaret [nee Groves]
                                                          
                   
1810             Young William worked at Cerne Abbas as a Fellmonger and was the first of his siblings to marry;
                           'William Scard married Phoebe Gover by Banns 3rd April 1810 at Cerne Abbas. Witnesses:  William  Shephard, Mary Shorto'
     The Bride:   Phoebe Gover was baptised 29th July 1787 at Up Cerne, the daughter of Martha Gover*.
                           (* reference to Martha Gover was sourced from several Ancestry Family Trees TBA)

      The couple settled at Duck Street, Cerne Abbas - a map of Duck Street showing Lots can be found at the Dorset Online Parish Clerks Website
                       William predeceased his father - please go to main body of the Biography of his father for more details. 
 
James Scard [1793-1888] son of William Scard & his wife Margaret [nee Groves]
                                                                 Further Reading - See Biography of James Scard [1793-1888] of Cerne Abbas
Simeon Scard [1797-1881] son of William Scard and his wife Margaret [nee Groves] 
                                                                 Further Reading - See Biography of Simeon Scard [1797-1881] of Cerne Abbas