Scard Family History  - One Name Study
~ The Southampton, Hampshire Branch ~
Eling, Southampton
Last updated 27th January 2014
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The Scard Wives
                           Scard Biographies - The Southampton, Hampshire Branch

                                                                         Biography
                             Edward Scard                              -                  Ann Thomas (widow) 
                               [1808-1849]                                                      [1806-1848] 
                                        
                                             Surgeon of London formerly of Eling Hampshire
                                               Household Surgeon to the Duke of Cambridge

                                                                                                     Issue:
                                                               Eliza Mary Scard [1832-1903] married Robert Seymour Adams Esquire
                                                               Thomas Scard [1834-1871] married Ellen Jordan (nee Naden)
                                This family has several entries in the UK Poll Books and Electoral Registers 1538-1893, 
                                                               the London, Land Tax Records 1692-1932 and the 
                                                Hampshire Record Office also holds several documents not listed below.
    UK Passenger Lists and in addition to the Wills already transcribed on this website, there are many Wills post 1858 
                                    which have not been retrieved (England & Wales National Probate Calendar from 1858 ) 
                                       Newspaper Articles from various sources plus many other resources with entries 
                                                       not listed here are left to their respective descendants to explore

                 This website is primarily focused on conjoining all the 'Scard Branches' to a common family around the 
                      late 17th Century, the biographies presented for each of the extended families is a a rough draft 
                                            of their lives for those just beginning to explore their Scard Lineage

                                        Please visit the UPDATES page for newest Scard research, documents and/or submissions
 
                                                                                               Scard Biographies - The Southampton, Hampshire Branch
                                                                                                              Biography
                                                                            Edward Scard                              -                  Ann Thomas (widow) 
                                                                                [1808-1849]                                                      [1806-1848]  
                                       
                                                                                         Surgeon of London formerly of Eling Hampshire

                                                                                                Compiled & Written by J.A.S. Adams combining the Original & Independent Researches 
                                                                                                                             of both Judith-Ann S. Adams (Site Author) & Lyn Mealey
1808:       Edward Scard was born 23rd February 1808, baptised at Eling, Hampshire  8th October 1809, the son of  Thomas Scard [the younger] and his wife Mary [nee Yeats] 
                His mother was the neice and heiress of wealthy Yeoman William Yeats,  of nearby Lymington. Edward's paternal grandmother was the daughter and heiress of wealthy
                Malster John Benness of neighbouring Eling.   Edward had eight siblings. 

1815:      Edward was aged seven when his paternal grandmother Susannah Scard [nee Benness] died, buried at Eling 9th November 1815 at the recorded age of 72yrs.  Edward's 
               parents were also living at Eling at this time and it is assumed that Edward had close contact with his grandmother during his early childhood.

1816:      Edward was aged eight when his father died [intestate] buried at Eling on the 21st December 1816 at the recorded age of forty-one.  Edward's youngest sibling was aged three 
               at that time.According to the Oxford University Alumni Edward was being educated at Oxford during this time following his elder brother Thomas Scard [the younger]. 

               A family furore appears to have erupted around this time in relation to the impending insolvency of Edward's father.  His grandfather in his Will mentions a 'great 
               misfortune'  relating money owed by the family of which Edward's grandfather, his uncle John Scard and aunt Susannah had aided in the event.   It appears to relate 
               to money owed by his father at the time of his death.  

                                                     There are several newpaper articles available online which mention this event

1816-20:  Following the death of Edward's father, more grave concerns were expressed by John's maternal uncle William Yeats of nearby Lymington regarding the financial security
                of Edward's mother (William Yeats sister) and the welfare of her children.  When outlining his Will four years later on the 11th October 1820 William went to great 
               lengths to prevent any debtors associated with her deceased husband and any future husband she may choose to marry, controlling any  part of his Legacy bequeathed
               herself and her children [i.e. moiety of  interest of £12,000].  Provisions were also made for any future children born to her from any possible subsequent marriage.  
               Mary's share of his Estate was to fall to her children upon her death.  William Yeats lived a further six years.

1824:     Edward's grandfather Thomas Scard [the Elder] died testate, buried at Eling 29th January 1824 at the recorded age of  87years.   John was aged twenty-two at this time, 
              his paternal Uncle John Scard named executor of the Will was also living at Eling. 

1826:     Edward's maternal uncle, William Yeats died in 1826 and his mother Mary inherited a huge legacy as did John and his siblings sharing in the interest of £12,000 stock &
               shares when they came of age.

1827:     Edward matriculated at Oxford University 1827 his elder brother Thomas also matriculated at the same University
              From the Oxford University Alumni: CopyfromAncestry.com; 

                                                  click to enlarge
                                                 Scard, Edward, son of Thomas of Eling, Hants, gent. Magdalen Hall, matric 30 June 1827, aged 19.
                                                 Scard, Thomas, son of Thomas of Eling, Hants, cler. Madalen Hall, matric 27th Jan. 1819. aged 22;
                                                 B.A. 1827, M.A. 182?, chaplain to the Duke of Cambridge, vicar of Durley, Hants, 1855. until his death 7 Feb.,1873.        
                                                
1830        At the age of around twenty-two Edward Scard married Ann Humphreys [nee Thomas] 31st July 1830 at All Souls Marylebone London Ann, 
                the relict of Evan Humphreys of Garthall Glamorganshire.  The announcement was published in The Gentleman’s Magazine noted as 
              ‘Edward Scard of Bishop Waltham, Hampshire’.  http://books.google.com.au/books?id=kCSfUY0p14IC&pg=PA176&lpg=PA176&dq=%22Edward+Scard

               The Marriage Ceremony was performed by Edward's brother the Reverend Thomas Scard of Durley
                Hampshire Telegraphy: Saturday  9th August, 1830 - Issue 1609.

                                                               sclick to enlarge

                              Note: A copy of the Digitised Original Marriage Entry is available online at Ancestry.com - access Card Catalogue "london marriages"

1832        Edward Scard was found in an Insurance Document Dated 11 October 1833 
Sun Fire Office: Insured:
Edward Scard, No 11 Bernard Street Russell Square, Surgeon on his Household Goods, Furniture, Wearing apparel, Books and Plate in his now Dwelling House now situate as aforesaid, brick. Five Hundred Pounds. China and Glass therein. Fifty Pounds. Stock Utensils and Fixtures. Fifty Pounds. Edward Scard [Surgeon] Insurance Documentclick to enlarge Note from LMealey. 'I went to the Guildhall when in London last year to see the Insurance document, took a photo, Edward and Ann were obviously living there as well as it being a surgery.  The house (3 floors + basement) is still there - quite elegant (I have photo) - very lucky as it in a row of about 20 originally but 7 to 10 were pulled down to build Russell Square Tube station and 1 and 2 are gone too.  3 is a newsagent, 4 a cafe (had to have a coffee!) 11 a B and B, the rest residential/business. The newsagent's father was able to tell me that the original leases all stated that the whole row could only be used for medical purposes.' Issue; Child 1: Just prior to this time they had one daughter Eliza Mary Scard noted in the Parish Book at St George, Bloomsbury, Middlesex baptised 11th April 1833, born 18th Sept 1832 (according to the Census Eliza was born in Kent) Child 2: Their only son son Thomas Scard was noted in the Parish Records at St. Anne's Kew Green, Surrey, baptised by Rev. Thomas Scard (his paternal uncle - visiting minister) on the 9th January 1835, born 8th February 1834. Some Newpaper Articles and miscellaneous items relating to Edward Scard click on images to enlarge There are many more online
1837: Edward was aged twenty-nine
when he gave evidence relating to the murder of a woman in London;
ss

1839 Preston Chronicle, Preston: Saturday December 28, 1839; s

1843 London Times Saturday, December 30 1843 - Pg 6 Issue18493.

1840:        During the interim Edward's mother, Mary Scard [nee Yeats] died Testate at Bishop Waltham in 1840 recorded as 'widow'.   Mary's burial was not found.  Edward was not mentioned in his 
                 mother's Will which was directed to Edward's spinster sister, Mary Scard, his brother's John Scard [solicitor] and Reverend Thomas Scard were nominated Executors. At this time Edward 
                 was aged thirty-eight and Practicing at Kew, Surrey. 

1840:        Excerpt from the Book TheChangingScene by Hubert LionelWood - The Poor/Poor Laws/Riots of the Poor/Harsh winters...
                               'In a news item received from London in December 1840 it was stated that His Royal Highness, the Duke of Cambridge, although absent from Kew, 
                                was not unmindful of the poor in that parish.  He commanded Dr. Scard to supply all the poor families of the parish with a good dinner on 
                                Christmas day and also the poor in the union workhouse belonging to the parish.
1841 
[Census]  Edward Scard aged 30, Surgeon,  address ‘Green’, Kew, Surrey not born in County
                                                         Anne Scard aged 35, not  born in County
                                                         Edward Humphreys* aged 20yrs, Clerk  in Bank of England not born in County
                                                         Harriet Humphreys*  aged 15 yrs not born in County
                                                         Eliza Scard aged 9 years not born in County
                                                         Thomas Scard aged 7 years Yes – Born in County
                                                        * Edward and Harriet Humphreys were the children of Edward's wife Anne's 1st marriage. 
1842        Appointed 1842 - Edward Scard Esquire - To be Apothecary to the household of the Duke of Cambridge at Kew.   
                                      Annual Register by James Dodsley. See Google Books:
                                      http://books.google.com/books?id=M-ldAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA236&dq=%22Edward+SCard%22&lr=&as_brr=0 

                                     This Gift was especially treasured by Edward and was mentioned in his Will in 1849.
 
1847       WANDSWORTH COUNTY COURT- May 20th [Before J.F.Fraser, Esq., and a Jury.] BYAM Vs. SCARD
                                     The Morning Chronicle London, Saturday 22nd May 1847
                                                                                         Found, Transcribed & Submitted by LynMealey
                                                                                                          Clipping by J. Adams
                                                                                                    Click to enlarge or  See transcription by Lyn Mealey
 1848:      Edward  was mentioned in the Freemasons Quarterly Magazine 'Edward Scard esq. briefly acknowledged the thanks to the Directors'.
                                     Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=PvIDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA110&dq=%22Edward+SCard%22&lr=&as_brr=0
                                      Edward was a Director of the City of Thoronto & Lake Huron Railway Company situated at No. 13 St. Helen's Place, London.       
 1848       Ann Scard [formerly Humphreys, nee Thomas] died 30th January 1848 at the age of forty-nine.  A Large Tombstone Monument was built, 
                dedicated to her by her husband Edward Scard Esquire at Saint Anne’s Parish Churchyard, Kew, London.  See inscription and link to photo further below.
      The Times, Wednesday, 2 February 1848 Kindly submitted by David Kenny;
Death of Ann Scard wife of Edward Scard [Surgeon]
1849       Edward Scard died Testate the following year on the 22nd April 1849 at Kew at the recorded age of forty-one. His obituary was published in the
               London Medical Journal and The Gentleman's’ Magazine.  The latter the Obituary reads:    
                                                   'aged 41yrs, 22nd April 1849  Edward Scard Esquire.  
                                                    Household Surgeon to the Duke of Buckingham and Magistrate 
                                                    for Middlesex and Surrey.'

               London Times:  Saturday April 28 1849  Kindly submitted by David Kenny;

                                                               Death notice of Edward Scard - Surgeon

               Edward Scard Esq. was survived by his two children; 
                                   Eliza Scard aged 17yrs [See Epilogue for further details].
                                   Thomas Scard aged 15yrs [see Epilogue for further details]

          
             In his Will, Edward appointed his two brothers The Rev. Thomas Scard BA MA  - Rector of Durley and Henry Benness Scard Esq. and his step-son 
             Windsor Humphreys' as the guardians of his two children. It was Edward's wish that his son Thomas, enlist in the Military [outlined in his Will].                                     

             Edward Scard Esq. was buried 22nd April 1849 at Saint Anne’s Parish Churchyard, Kew, London. He was lain beside his wife Ann. 
             A photo of his gravestone may be viewed at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-in/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=5912570 

                               Description and Transcription of Tombstones
                                                                                                            by LMealey
                                                 The Grave is a large upright block tombstone, quite imposing, with engraved lettering that is badly weathered.
                                                 There appears to have been an attempt to clean the grave –  it is certainly probably whiter than previously 
                                                  but the cleaning has worn the surface of the stone making the lettering very hard to read.
                                                 
             Edward Scard had the tombstone built for Anne Scard who died  in 1848.  Edward died 16 months later and is buried with her.
                                Sacred
                       to the memory of 
                Anne the Beloved wife of
                    Edward Scard Esquire
                          of this Parish
                 Eldest daughter of the late
                 William Thomas Esquire
               of Revenllogell  Monmouth
                She died January 30th 1848
                          Aged 49 years
                   [and on the other side]
                      To the memory of
                     Edward Scard Esquire
      Household Surgeon to His Royal Highness
               The Duke of Cambridge and
      one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace
       for the Counties of  Middlesex and Surrey
              He died at Kew April 22nd 1849
                          Aged 41 years
          and then a piece of Scripture beginning
                         The Staff  of life......

                             The Will of Edward Scard 
         See Transcription (below) after the Epilogue

                                                             Posthumous
                                                                                                                                  1849     Era London: Sunday, May 13, 1849 - Issue 555
                                                 
Epilogue
 Eliza Mary Scard [1832-1903]:  Daughter and eldest child of Edward Scard and Ann nee Thomas [formerly Humphreys];

                                   After her father's death Eliza was taken into the car of her paternal uncle the Rev. Thomas Scard and his wife Eliza. 
                                   Young Eliza appears to have remained with the  childless couple till her marriage.  

                                   Eliza Scard married Robert Seymour Adams Esquire [of Lymington] at Swanmore by Droxford, Hants, 24th October 1861.
                                   Eliza’s marriage announcement was published in The Gentleman’s Magazine in 1861 
                                            'Eliza noted as “the only daughter of the late Edward Scard  Esq. of Kent JP for Middlesex and Surrey.
                                             http://books.google.com.au/books?id=dkc5GNmpYI0C&pg=PA676&lpg=PA676&dq=%22Edward+Scard+Esq
                           
                                   The couple remained Lymington till their deaths recording several issue in the village.  Robert was also a medical practitioner, in a 
                                   Professional Partnership between himself and John Henry Humphreys [the stepson of Edward Scard] as 'Adams & Humphreys Medical 
                                   Practitioners at Lymington, near Eling.  The Partnership was dissolved 26th May 1884, advertised in the London Gazette, a year before 
                                   Robert's death. http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/AdvancedSearch.aspx?geotype=London

                                    In 1881 [census]they recorded four of their children living with them in High St. Lymington.
                                    Issue;              
                                    Frances Adams born 1863 at Lymington 
                                    Henry Edward Seymour Adams born 1864 at Lymington
                                    Edith Florence Adams born 1866 at Lymington 
                                    Herbert Adams born 1869 at Lymington.           

                                    Robert Seymour Adams Esq. died in 1885 at his home at Lymington at the recorded age of 52yrs.
          
                                    Eliza Mary Adams [nee Scard] continued to live at Lymington and died there in 1903 at the recorded age of 80yrs.  
                                    At that time of her death she was living off Independent Means with her 34 year-old unmarried daughter Edith Frances 
                                    Adams at South Street Lymington. She had survived her brother Thomas by thirty-two years.
Thomas Scard [1834-1871]   Only son of Edward Scard and Ann nee Thomas [formerly Humphreys;

                      1851    Two years after his father's death his young Thomas Scard was found in the 1851 Census as a Pupil [boarding],  aged 17yrs, at the Bishop Waltham School 
                                  for Boys at Bishop Waltham noted 'Surgeon's son', born Kew, Surrey. Also attending the School in this same year was his paternal first cousin, 
                                  John C. [Cowper] Scard, aged 15yrs, 'Solicitor's son', born at Bishop Waltham who was the son of his father's brother, John Scard, then practicing Law in 
                                  London. 
   
                                  Also at Bishop Waltham was his other paternal Uncle, the Rev. Thomas Scard B.A. MA, Rector of Durley [nearby] who was the former Master at the same 
                                  Bishop Waltham School for boys at the time of Edward's death.  At the time of young Thomas recorded attendance at the school in 1851, his uncle the 
                                  Rev. Thomas Scard  was no longer Master of the School and were living at Bishop Waltham noted as the Rector of the Church.  Living with them was 
                                  Thomas' sister Eliza Mary Scard [recorded in the same Census].

                     1859:   According to his father's wishes Thomas enlisted in the Military noted in the Records at the age of twenty-six  when he attained his Masters Degree at the 
                                 Royal College of Surgeons, London [MRCS] in 1859.  He lived in several addresses whilst undergoing his medical training and at one point lived at the 
                                 home his uncle John Scard [Solicitor] who resided at North Crescent Bedford Square, Middlesex.

                                  That same year Thomas was insolvent;  Notice London Gazette 27th September 1859: 
                                                'Thomas Scard formerly of Sunderland Durham, then of North Crescent Bedford Square, Middlesex then of No.9 Keppel Street, 
                                                 then of Boswall Court, then of No. 38 Albany St, Regents Park, then of Hornsey and now of No. 74 Newman St. Oxford St. Middlesex.  
                                                 During part of the time a Medical Student but now a surgeon not in Practice. 
                                                 London Gazette URL:  http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/AdvancedSearch.aspx?geotype=London

                    During this time Thomas was Served as co-respondant in the Divorce of Lewis Jordan of Bedford and his wife Ellen [later found to be nee Naden]
                    who had two daughters recorded:  Julia Ellen Jordan in 1850 at Bedford and Madeline Jordan 23rd August 1854 at Bedford. The paternity of 
                    their youngest daughter Madeline has been  under conjecture for some time and tentatively considered to be the daughter of Thomas Scard.
                    Thomas certainly records Madeline as his daughter in several documents in 1861 UK Census and in Australia where he records he is "sending
                     money to my daughter in England".  Madeline used the surname 'Scard' until her marriage and in all her records in Australia up to and including
                     her death.  The research is continuing. 
 
                    From Lyn Mealey: "From Divorce File, address in 1859 matches.  I assume the reference in 1859 to previous addresses indicates that Thomas may have been
                                                     living at some stage with John Scard solicitor in Bedford Square. In 1851 Thomas still a student in Hampshire, but by the end of 1859, 
                                                     he is awarded MRCS (Army), is "married", named a co-respondent in a Divorce Court, has been declared insolvent, but presumably 
                                                     was able to avoid Debtors' Prison, ....... Interesting that Divorce was 1861 and Marriage not until March 1862 - perhaps Decree Absolute 
                                                     took a year then.  I'm assuming that Ellen and Thomas started living together at the start of 1859 (as Lewis says) and probably Ellen 
                                                     considered herself "married" to him from that time - would explain why, at the inquest into his death in Oct 1871 [Australia], she stated 
                                                     that she and Thomas had been married 12 years (when it should have been 9).........   But clearly, Lewis didn't want to think of her [Madeline]
                                                     as his daughter.  Entirely possible that Ellen wasn't living with Lewis in August 1854 when Madeline born -   father given as Lewis, but
                                                     informant Ellen Jordan.  Address different to where   Ellen and Jordan were in 1850 and 1851 and where Lewis was in 1858."  
 
                    1860:       Thomas applied to obtain an Interim Order for Protection of Process on Tuesday 11th December 1860, the notice appearing in the London Gazette.
                    1861 Census:
                                     In 1861 Thomas and his wife Ellen are living in Bexley Heath, Kent;
                                                    Address:  Pear Tree Cottage;
                                                    Thomas Scard, Head, Married, aged 30, MRCS Practicing, born Kew, Surrey.
                                                    Ellen Scard, Wife, Married, aged 29, born Bexley Heath, Kent.
                                                    Madeline Scard, Daughter, aged 6, born in London.*

                    1862:        In 1862 Thomas Scard and Ellen Naden (using her maiden name) were married at Haverstock Hill, Holy Trinity 24th March 1862
                                                                                                                 click on image to enlarge

                    1865:       Thomas appeared in 'The Illustrated London News'  as 'Surgeon' on the Government immigration Ship 'Oceanica' in 1865. 
                    1866:       Thomas appears again as 'Surgeon' aboard the Ship ‘Peerless' sailing from the Port of Liverpool to Sydney NSW on the
                                    14th June 1866, after which he remained in Sydney, settling at Balmain.
                                  
                    1867:       Thomas had set up Practice in Sydney and had acquired two brick houses in Kent Street in the inner City.  
                                     The two cottages were adjoining and the rate notices read as follows; 
                                      238 Kent Street, Sydney - Tenant JohnScard* - Owner ThomasScard - Brick&Slate- 2 levels-3rooms- A/I £30.
                                      Next Door: 240 Tenant JeremiahHealy-Owner ThomasScard - Brick&Slate - 2 levels-3rooms Annual Income £30.
                                    Sydney Rate Books: http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/assessmentbooks/CRS17%201861/1861%20BRISBANE%20WARD.pdf  

                                    *John Scard:  John Scard,  was the son of John Scard [the elder] and his wife Fanny nee Butcher of Gosport, Hampshire. 
                                                             John Scard was a butcher in Sydney who owned a another house and a shop in the City in his own right.
                                                             The connections in the ancestry of both Thomas and John take us back to Hampshire England over a 
                                                              century prior where both their great grandfathers were considered to be possible brothers, the only 
                                                              Scard Families living in Hampshire during the mid 1700's or ever.  
                                                              It is not known if John or Thomas were aware of the connection.

                     1869:      At some point during the previous four years Ellen must have joined Thomas in Sydney leaving Madeline behind 
                                    possibly with Ellen's family or at the boarding school where her sister [or half sister?] Julia Jordan was known to have 
                                    previously attended in England.

                     1869:     Thomas was recorded in insolvency records in New South Wales 23th Sept. 1869 then living at Balmain, Sydney.
                                    In the document Thomas speaks of sending money to his only child, a daughter in England.  His wife Ellen Scard
                                    states that she and Thomas have been married twelve years.  

                     1871:       Meanwhile in England Thomas' Uncle, the Reverend Thomas Scard remembered Thomas Jnr. in his Will, written
                                     the 7th March 1871 bequeathing the sum of two hundred pounds but the Will implies that his family had no idea of his
                                     whereabouts, his uncle adding the clause ..... if my nephew cannot be found within three years.... otherwise to fall to 
                                     Thomas' sister Eliza Ann now married [Seymour Adams Esq.] who was well provided for in the Document.
                                     His Uncle Rev. Thomas Scard lived to hear the news of his nephew's fate in a few short months hence.

                     Death:    Thomas Scard died on the 21st August 1871, at the recorded age 37yrs.
                                     His Obituary appeared in Newspapers in Sydney, New Zealand and England.
  
                                     The Notice in the British Medical Journal 16th December 1871 best describes the circumstances; 
'Thomas Scard , M.R.C.S. Eng. Mr. Scard died at Balmain, near Sydney, New South Wales, aged 35.  He left this country a few years since as a surgeon to an emigrant ship; and finding a good opening for his profession at Sydney, he settled there, and had obtained a considerable practice.  He was obliged to undergo a painful operation, for which chloroform was administered, and he died suddenly under its influence.  It is thought there might have been latent disease of the heart.  When the last Australian mail left, a coroner’s inquest was in progress, and a post mortem examination ordered.' The post mortem exonerated the Surgeon's performing the operation, the medical examiner detecting an previously undetected weakness in the heart.
The Insolvency Order was noted again on the date of Thomas' Death 21st August 1871 recorded 'of Sydney'. The Sequestration was dated four months later on the 4th December 1871 [NSW State Records].   Meanwhile in England his Uncle, the Reverend Thomas Scard had received the news and a Codicil to his Will was made on the 6th June 1872; '.....and whereas since the date of my said Will I have received intelligence of the death of my said nephew.... Whereby Thomas' Legacy fell to his sister Eliza Ann. His widow Ellen remarried five years later in Sydney (1876) His daughter Madeline Scard followed her parents to Australia, arriving in Sydney 1874 per 'Jerusalem' occupation nursemaid. The Immigration details states her mother Ellen in Balmain. Madeline remained in Australia, married under the name Scard and had issue. Contact Webmaster for further details for Madeline and her mother
                                                                       The Will of Edward Scard 
                                                                                                   Transcription by JAdams
 
-                                                                                                                                    Published 19th April 1849
                                                                                                                                 Proved at London 18th May 1849 
                        I Edward Scard, Surgeon of the Parish of St. Ann’s, Kew,  Surrey do hereby declare this to be my last Will and Testament in manner following that is to say 
                        I hereby appoint the Rev. Thomas Scard of Durley Lodge Durley in the County of Hampshire, Henry Benness Scard Esq. of the City of Winchester in the 
                        County of Hampshire and Windsor Humphreys Esq. of the Parish of Kew, Surrey, Executors to this my last Will and Testament. I Will and bequeath 
                        to my son Thomas Scard now under age, my freehold cottage as tenement in Boston Lane, [?] Middlesex and now in the occupation of [?] Shoemaker at
                          [? 14p] annuity  per annum and I likewise will and bequeath unto my son Thomas Scard the sum of  one hundred and fifty pounds after all my just debts are
                         paid for his outfit on obtaining a cadetship or joining Her Majesty’s Service as it is my wish that he should go into the Army.  I also Will and Bequeath to 
                        my son Thomas Scard the  whole of the silver service which was presented to me by the parishioners of  Kew consisting of two silver salvers, tea pot, coffee pot,
                        cream jug, sugar  basin and four silver salts and it is my request that the Rev. Scard takes possession of the said silver service and hold the same until my son 
                        Thomas Scard attains the age of twenty-one years and in case he does not attain the age of 21 years then I Will and bequeath the same said silver service unto 
                        my daughter Eliza Mary Scard for her to [?have  and hold].  I Will and Bequeath unto my said Daughter Eliza Mary Scard, now under age a [?] for the sum 
                        of five  hundred pounds offered as the [?] [?Law] Site Office in the City of London for her sole use and benefit and not  subject to the control of any future 
                        husband with whom she may marry.  I also Will and bequeath unto my said  daughter Eliza Mary Scard a Policy of Insurance for the sum of five hundred  
                        pounds offered at the [?] Life Insurance Office in the City of London for her sole use and benefit and not  subject to the control of any future husband with 
                        whom she may marry.  This I hereby request and [?] my said executors the Rev. Thomas Scard, Henry Benness Scard Esq. and Windsor Humphreys Esq.
                        to invest the said two units of five hundred pounds in any Government Security  or place the said one thousand pounds on good mortgage for the benefit of 
                        my said daughter Eliza Mary Scard and on parting the dividends or interest arising  from the said mortgage by either at my said executors unto my daughter 
                        Eliza Mary Scard receipt shall be sufficient discharge for the same.  I also Will and bequeath unto my said daughter Eliza Mary Scard the leasehold house 
                        or tenement being No. 6 [?Quinbedland] Place in the Parish of St. Ann’s, Kew, Surrey now in the occupation of Mr.  Salisbury at the yearly rental of twenty
                        pounds for the sole use and benefit and not subject to the control of any future husband with whom she may marry on the payment of the said arising from 
                        the said Cottage or tenement unto my said Daughter Eliza Mary Scard by either of my said executors or any agent they may appoint the receipt above shall
                         be sufficient [???]. Whereas I possess a Policy of Insurance for the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds effected on the life of Isaac Clayton of the 
                        Parish of St. [?] in the Equitable Office, I will and bequeath the said  policy or my beneficial interest [?] from the same unto my daughter Eliza Mary Scard 
                        for her sole use and benefit and not subject to the control of any future husband with whom she y marry and I devise [?????????????]  If my said daughter 
                        Eliza Mary Scard should die before her brother Thomas Scard then I  request my said Executors to hold the legacies herein before said then to her and all 
                        interest arising there from, on the behalf of my son Thomas Scard and to hold the same until he attains the age of twenty-five years and then to transfer 
                        the above [?] legacies to him absolutely as no Trust has been [?].  I authorize and empower my said executors to sell and dispose of all the household furniture,
                        books and linen contained in my residuary Estate and they are at liberty to sell my household furniture books  & linen either by private contract or by public 
                        auction.  I will and bequeath to Windsor Humphreys Esq. my two carriages with two horses & harness.  And whereas on the marriage of my dear departed wife
                        I came into  possession of [?] to numerous here to specify and which formerly belonged to the family of Evan Humphreys Esq. of [??] Glamorganshire, I will 
                        and bequeath the same to Windsor Humphreys Esq. together with the family portraits.  And I hereby request and empower my said  executors to sell the 
                        contents of my house on Kew Green used as a Surgery by me and apply the proceeds thereof towards my residuary Estate. And as to the Residue which may 
                        arise from  the sale of my household furniture and other effects after my just debts are liquidated I hereby request my said executors the Rev. Thomas Scard, 
                       Henry  Benness Scard Esq. and Windsor Humphreys Esq. to divide the said residue equally between my two children Thomas Scard & Eliza Mary Scard 
                       herein  before mentioned.  And as a token of  respect I bear to Mrs. Ann Denman for her servitude and attention during the long illness of my dear departed
                        wife I request my executors will purchase a handsome wig and present the same to her.  As a reward for the faithful services of my servant Maria Chandler 
                        it is  my request the executors should pay the sum of ten pounds as a legacy over  & above the wages which may be due to her.  And it shall be lawful for my
                        said executors each and every of them by and out of my said residuary Estate which shall come to their respective hands by virtue of this my last Will and 
                        Testament to deduct retain reimburse himself or themselves respectively and also to allow to the co-trustee or co-trustees all such [?] charges, traveling and 
                        other expenses which they or any or either of them shall or may bear, pay, suffer or sustain in the execution of this my said Will.  And hereby revoking and 
                        making void all former Will or Wills by me at any time hereto before made I do publish and declare this to be my last Will & Testament contained herein.
                        And I so appoint my said  executors The Rev’d Thomas Scard Henry Benness Scard Esq. and Windsor Humphreys Esq. guardians to my said two children 
                        during their respective minorities. In witness whereof I the said Edward Scard the Testator have to this my Last Will and Testament set my hand this 
                        nineteenth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty nine – Edward Scard [signed] – Signed Sealed Published and Declared 
                        by the said Edward Scard the Testator as for his last Will and Testament in the  presence of us who in his presence & in the sight of each other have hereunto
                        subscribed our names as Witnesses – Edward H. Hills, Surgeon, Richmond; James C. Hadge or Hadye [?] Surrey – George St. Miaus No. 27 [?] Terrace New [?] 
                        Solicitor. 
                        Proved at London 18th May 1849 before the Judge by the oaths of The Reverend Thomas Scard, Clerk and Henry Benness Scard, Esquire, the brothers, 
                        two of the executors to whom administration was granted having been first sworn the said Rev’d Thomas Scard before the Worshipful William  Calverlay 
                        Gurteis and the said Henry Benness Scard before the Worshipful {?] Thomas Pratt respectively Doctors of Laws and Surrogates duly to administer,  power 
                        reserved of making the late Grant to Windsor Humphreys Esquire the other  executor when he shall apply for the same.
                                                            Transcription of above Newspaper Article
                                                                Transcribed & Submitted by LynMealey
WANDSWORTH COUNTY COURT- May 20th [Before J.F.Fraser, Esq., and a Jury.] BYAM Vs. SCARD

This was an action brought by the Rev. Richard Burgh Byam, vicar of Kew and Petersham, against Edward Scard, Esq.,
a magistrate for the County of Surrey,  for the sum of £16, being the value of two pieces of black cloth, the property of
the said vicar, but which the defendant had, as it was alleged, converted to other purposes, he being at the time the
church warden of the parish of Kew. Mr Dodd appeared for the vicar of  Kew, and Mr W Smith, of Richmond, for the 
churchwarden.           
The defendant had pleaded, first, that he was not indebted; and, second, that the statute of limitations barred him of 
the first claim. The facts of the case as stated by  the plaintiff’s attorney, were, that the sum, sought to be recovered by
his client, was for two pieces of mourning cloth with which the royal pew at Kew church had been hung, on the occasion
of the death of the Princess Augusta in 1840, and the decease of the Duke of Sussex in 1843.  The vicar or rector of a 
church had, from time  immemorial claimed the mourning cloth that was suspended in the church out of respect to some
departed individual.  He now contested the claim which had been set up by the churchwarden, and sought to recover the
value of that he had been unlawfully deprived of.
The Rev. R.B. Byam was then sworn, and stated he had been vicar of Kew and Petersham since 1828, and during that
period the church had been hung with black, first in 1830, for George IV, when it was kept up for six weeks, and was
afterwards brought to his house, and he  received it as the vicar’s perquisites, and no claim was set up; in fact, Banting
and Co., the court  undertakers, said it was his property. The next occasion was the death of the Princess Augusta in 
1840, and the third on the demise of the Queen Of Hanover, and the fourth and last occasion the death of the Duke of 
Sussex in 1843.   At that time the defendant, who was the churchwarden, said the Woods and  Forests were coming to 
take the cloth, but he should not allow them, and he afterwards said he had it sent to my house. There were ten pieces 
sent, which measured 41 yards.  Witness did not consider that cloth a very  good quality; he had pair of trousers made 
out of it, but they lasted him a very short time [loud laughter].  The Judge here observed, that with  respect to the claim
of £8 for the cloth in 1840, the jury need not trouble themselves about that, as the statute of limitations barred that claim.
The jury would confine themselves to the claim of 1843, and it was for them to ascertain whether the defendant did take
 any cloth on that occasion, and if so whether the taking was proper. Mr. Edward Scard, the defendant, stated that in 1843,
after the cloth had been up a month or so, it was sent to the unmeant, the Commissioners of Woods and Forests intending
it should be reserved for another occasion. They  afterwards, however, upon a representation made by witness consented
to allow it to be disposed of as formerly.  The vicar had the cloth that covered the pulpit, reading desk, organ loft, and the
gallery rails; and he, witness, had what was on the royal gallery.  He gave part to the clerk and to the pew-opener, and the
produce of the remainder, which he sold, he divided amongst  the poor.
The jury consulted a few minutes, and returned a verdict for the defendant.