Scard Family History  - One Name Study
~ The Southampton, Hampshire Branch ~
Eling, Southampton
Last updated 30th January 2014
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                      Scard Biographies - The Southampton, Hampshire Branch

                                                                         Biography
                                John Scard                                      Mary Trolfoley
                                              [1768-1848]                                     -                                     [no issue]

                                                                   of Eling, Hampshire 

                                                                             Died testate, a widower without Issue
                                This family has several entries in the UK Poll Books and Electoral Registers 1538-1893, 
                                                               the London, Land Tax Records 1692-1932 and the 
                                                Hampshire Record Office also holds several documents not listed below.
             UK Passenger Lists and in addition to the Wills already transcribed on this website, there are many Wills post 1858 
                                    which have not been retrieved (England & Wales National Probate Calendar from 1858 ) 
                                       Newspaper Articles from various sources plus many other resources with entries 
                                                       not listed here are left to their respective descendants to explore

                 This website is primarily focused on conjoining all the 'Scard Branches' to a common family around the 
                      late 17th Century, the biographies presented for each of the extended families is a a rough draft 
                                            of their lives for those just beginning to explore their Scard Lineage

                                        Please visit the UPDATES page for newest Scard research, documents and/or submissions
                                                         Scard Biographies - The Southampton, Hampshire Branch

                                                                              John Scard                                      Mary Trolfoley
                                                                                                             [1768-1848]                                     -                                     [c.1774-1845]
                                                                                                Researched, Compiled and Written by Judith-Ann S Adams 
                                                                                                                                         with special thanks to Lyn Mealy
                                                                                                                  who transcribed and submitted the Will of John Scard of Eling 


1764        John Scard was baptised at All Saints Southampton on the 25th May 1764 the eldest child of Thomas Scard then a Saddler Shopkeeper later a Yeoman 
                and his wife Susannah nee Benness.  John had three siblings; Susannah,  Benness & Thomas. He was aged six & seven years respectively when his maternal grandfather John Benness,
                died in 1770 and his maternal grandmother in 1771, John his mother and siblings were legatees.  

1796       At the age of thirty-two John married Mary Trofoley 17th August 1796 at All Saints Southampton. 

1798       Two years later John and his thirty-year old brother Benness were listed in postings for the Militia in the London Gazette, dated: 26th May 1798: 
                                          'John Scard, Gent, to be Lieutenant with the Eling Volunteers.' 
                                          'Benness Scard to be Ensign with Stratford Under the Castle of Old Sarum Volunteers


               John was listed three other occasions in the London Gazette 1803 'To be Ensigns' - John Scard, Gent. 1808: 'Lieutenant John Scard to be Captain of the Eling & Millbrook Battalion 
               of Volunteer Infantry   http://www.gazettes-online.co.u/home.aspx?geotype=London

1806       During this time John was falsely accused of Embezzling Money, appearing at Winchester Lent Assizes held Saturday March 8 1806 at the Castle at Winchester - Verdict ACQUITTED. 
               A Newspaper Article followed: Hampshire: DATE: Monday 10th  March 1806. Issue 335: Stating John Scard was acquitted of the charge.

1809:      Three years later John's younger brother Thomas was facing debtor's prison.  His father mentions in his Will [1824] details of this unfortunate event.  John and his sister Susannah 
                with their father rallied to help their brother Thomas financially however their brother Benness refused, a decision that would cost Benness dearly in his father's Will.  
1815:     John was aged fifty-one when his mother Susannah Scard was buried at Eling 9th November 1815 at the recorded age of 72yrs. 

1816:     His younger brother died prematurely the following year leaving a wife and several children whom evidence suggests although her deceased spouse was unable to provide for them
              she was well provided by her wealthy brother John Yeates and almost certainly the Scard Family. 
                                   
1818:     John Scard was documented in a bundle of papers relating to Overseers Vouchers at Eling:   ' John Scard for cheese, 14 Jan 1818'.
                
1819:     On Monday the 25th October 1819 John was noted in the Salisbury & Winchester Journal as a petitioner with his father and other landholders in a notice of Declaration to the Sheriff 
              of the County of Southampton. See his father's biography. 
1821:   At the age of fifty-seven John Scard was recorded as a Lessee in a Deed Assignment of a term of 500 years: Marshes or parcels of Marsh Land called Totton Marshes in Eling, containing 
            25 acres, 33 perches, and another parcel of  Marsh Land in Eling containing; 2 acres, 1 rood, 9 perches, and right of feeding cattle in Wakes Marsh Land, Eling.
                               Principals:    i) James Stephen Wickens;  ii) Peter Serle of Chilworth Lodge, esq; *  iii) Eliza Scard of Eling, spinster;  iv) John Scard of Totton, gent.
                                                  * Eliza Scard appears to be John Scard's niece who was born in 1797, then aged 24yrs, the daughter of his brother Benness Scard.  
                                                     Eliza died testate, a spinster and her details can be best explored in the biography of her brother George Hill Scard where her Will is displayed. 

1823     John Scard sues his Banker; 
                               The co-petitioner i.e. 'Thomas Scard' was John's father Thomas Scard [the elder] who died at Eling five weeks later, his estate not settled 
                               until the following year [1825]. It is considered that the delay in Administration of his Estate may have been due to the ongoing Proceedings.  
                               London Times, Published Wednesday 18th December 1823;  

                                                                      

1824:   John's father Thomas Scard [the Elder] died testate, buried at Eling 29th January 1824 at the recorded age of  87years.  John was nominated as his Executor.
1825:   A year later the following notice was published in the Winchester & Salisbury Chronicle regarding his father's Estate: Monday, February 14th,  1825: 
                                              'All Persons having any Demand on the Estate and Effects of the late Mr. Thomas Scard, of Totton,
                                                are requested forthwith to deliver the same to his Executor Mr. JOHN SCARD, of Totton : and all
                                                Persons indebted to the Estate are desired to discharge the same without delay. ALL Persons to
                                                whom the Deceased stood indebted at the time of his death, are requested to send or deliver the
                                                particulars of their  respective Demands to the said John Rogers, or BENNESS SCARD, of 
                                                Stratford-under-the-Castle, Gentleman, his joint Executors; or to Mr. WARDEN,  solicitor,
                                                Close, Sarum: And those persons who are indebted to the Estate of the said deceased, are desired
                                                to pay the amount of their respective debts to the said John Rogers forthwith.'
1832:   At the age of sixty-eight John Scard was documented on the 12 Oct 1832 in an assignment of a term of 500 years in trust of a tenement with malt house and
            lands containing 2 roods 1 perch and a  parcel of meadow adjoining containing 1 acre, 10 perches and a cottage erected at Eling.

1836:   Four years later on the 20th January 1836 he was documented as lessor in a draft lease for 99 years piece of meadow containing 1 acre called Pococks, in 
           Street Furlong Mead, Minstead.  Principals: i) Henry Combe Compton of Manor House, Minstead. ii) John Scard of Totton, gent

1837:  John's only surviving sibling, Benness Scard died testate buried at Eling 19th August 1837 at the recorded age of 69yrs.

           During his life John purchased many other properties at Eling mentioned in his Will and was in possession of two previously purchased by his late deceased father. 

1838:   John Scard died Testate around the end of June 1838 estimated aged seventy-four. [Registered at New Forest],
                                 Probate was granted on the 18th July 1838. His wife Mary appears to have predeceased him as she was not mentioned in his Will.
                                 John was the last of Thomas and Susannah’s four children to die.   John appears to have died a widower without issue. 
                                                                                         Will of John Scard 
                                                                                                    of Eling
                                                                                             Transcribed & Submitted by LynMealey
                  This is  the last Will and Testament of me John Scard of Totton in the Parish of  Eling in the County of Southampton Gentleman whereby  I recommend my Soul to Almighty God,
                  and dispose of my Worldly Estate and Effects in manner following (that is to say)  First I will and direct that all my just Debts and Funeral and Testamentary  Expenses be fully paid
                  and satisfied by my Executrix hereinafter named. My beloved sister Susannah Blake having lately departed this Life, I give and bequeath all my Household Goods and Furniture of 
                  every description Household Linen and Utensils Plate Pictures  Books Chinaware Watches Rings and Wearing Apparel which I now am or at the time  of my decease may be 
                  possessed of unto her Daughter my dear Niece Susannah Smith (widow of the late Walter Raleigh Smith Esquire Collector of Customs at  the Port of Southampton) for her own use
                  and benefit absolutely.  Also I give and devise and also in exercise of all Powers  enabling me thereto though not herein recited or referred to direct limit and appoint unto my said 
                  Niece Susannah Smith All That my Freehold Messuage or Tenement wherein I now reside with the Buildings Lands and Hereditaments to the same belonging and as now held by 
                  me therewith commonly called or known by the Name of Stormes with their and every of their Appurtenances situate lying and being at Totton aforesaid. And also All That my 
                  Freehold Estate Lands and Hereditaments called Mershes, adjoining the before mentioned Estate called Stormes, and purchased by my late Father Thomas Scard deceased of 
                  Charles Conolly Esquire, consisting of two Tenements with the Hereditaments and Appurtenances now or late in the respective Occupations of James Jones (Tailor) and 
                  Thomas Oliver, and a small Paddock of Land containing about three quarters of an acre belonging thereto and now in my own occupation being added to and united with my said 
                  Freehold  Estate called Stormes. And also All That my  Freehold Estate Lands and Hereditaments commonly called or known by the name of Oviatts situate lying and being at Totton
                  aforesaid and containing about  fifteen acres of Arable and Meadow Land now in my own occupation with their and  every of their Appurtenances And the Reversion and Reversions 
                  Remainder and Remainders Rents Issues and Profits of all and singular the said Premises and every part thereof respectively To have and to hold the same several Freehold Estates 
                  messuages Tenements Lands and Hereditaments with their and every of their Rights Privileges Members and Appurtenances unto and to the Use of my said Niece the said 
                  Susannah Smith and the heirs of her body lawfully issuing and for want of or in default of such issue To the Use of my Nephew the Reverend Thomas Scard (eldest son of the  late 
                  Thomas Scard Senior of Totton aforesaid) his Heirs and Assigns forever.  Also I give and devise and in exercise of all Powers enabling me thereto though not herein recited or 
                  referred to direct limit and appoint  All That my Freehold Estate called or known by the Name of Brokenford situate at Totton aforesaid in the Parish of Eling in the County of 
                  Southampton with  all Timber and everything standing and growing thereon and thereto appurtenant  or belonging, Also my Freehold Cottage and Garden (adjoining my said Estate
                  called Brokenford now in the occupation of my Tenant Robert Parker, And also a  piece of Freehold Land in Streets Furlong near Redbridge Causeway, and also two  pieces of Land
                 in Eling Marsh with all Timber and everything standing and  growing thereon (which said last mentioned three pieces of land are all situate  in the Parish of Eling aforesaid, and were
                 purchased by my late Father of John Olding) and all my Estate and Interest respectively therein unto and to the use of my said Niece the said Susannah Smith her heirs and assigns
                 forever. All the Rest Residue and remainder of my Real  Estate and Estates whatsoever, Monies Effects Farming Stock Crops and generally  all the Rest Residue and Remainder of my
                 personal Estate Goods Chattels and  Effects whatsoever and wheresoever and of what nature or kind soever not  hereinbefore otherwise disposed of I give devise and bequeath unto 
                 my said  Niece the said Susannah Smith To hold to her her Heirs Executors Administrators and Assigns absolutely for ever according to my Estate and Interest therein  respectively 
                 And I hereby appoint my said Niece Susannah Smith sole Executrix of this my last Will  And I hereby revoke all former and other Wills and Testamentary Papers by me at any time 
                 heretofore made and do declare this only to be and contain my last Will and Testament  In Witness whereof I the said John Scard, the Testator have to this my last Will and Testament
                 written and contained in three sheets of paper set my hand and seal in manner following (that is to say) my hand only to the first two sheets hereof , and to this third and last sheet my
                 hand and seal this thirtieth day of January in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty two. Signed sealed published and declared by the said John Scard the 
                 Testator as and for his last Will and Testament on the day of the date in the presence of  John Scard us who in his presence and at his request and in the presence of each other have 
                 hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses - W. M. Clement Solicitor Southampton - W. K. Newman - Henry Garret his clerks Rd Henry Minns.

                 Proved:   On the eighteenth day of July one thousand eight hundred and thirty eight this paper writing was exhibited to me as the last Will and Testament of the within
                                 named John Scard the Testator who is deceased and Susannah Smith the Executrix within named was sworn Executrix thereof in due form of law and that the 
                                 Goods Chattels and credits of the said deceased do not  amount to the sum of eight hundred pounds she truly believes.  before me James Walter ?ary Surrogate 
                                 Curate of St Mary’s Southampton.