Scard Family     
                                                                                             
                                      
                                                  SCARD DOCUMENT
                                                             BASTARDY ORDER:  James Scard & Maria Legg - Date: 1820.

Transcription; 

DORSET, Borough of DORCHESTER        

                      The Order of Thomas Gould Read Esquire Mayor and Nathaniel Strickland Esquire within the Parish of All Saints in the 
                       said Borough, made the nineteenth day of July in the First Year of the Reign of his said Majesty King George the Fourth 
                      concerning a Male Bastard Child, lately Born in the Parish of All Saints aforesaid, of the body of Maria Legg, single woman. 
                      WHEREAS it hath appeared unto us the said Justices, as well upon the complaint of the Churchwardens and Overseers, of 
                      the Poor of the Parish of All Saints, as upon the Oath of the said Maria Legg, that she the said Maria Legg on or about the 
                      thirtieth day of May now past, was delivered of a Male Bastard Child, at and within the said Parish of All Saints, in the 
                      said Borough, and that the said Bastard Child is chargeable to the said Parish of All Saints and likely so to continue; and 
                      further, that James Scard, of the said Borough Labourer, did beget the said Bastard Child, on the Body of her the said 
                      Maria Legg.  And whereas the said James Scard hath appeared before us, in pursuance of our Summons, for that purpose, 
                      but hath not shewed any sufficient cause why he the said James Scard shall not be reputed to be the father of the said 
                      Male Bastard Child.  
                      We therefore, upon examination of the cause and circumstances of the Premises, as well upon the Oath of the said 
                      Maria Legg as otherwise, do hereby adjudge him the said James Scard, to be the reputed Father of the said Bastard Child, 
                      and that the said Bastard Child was born in the said Parish of All Saints.  And thereupon we do order, as well for the better
                      Relief of the said Parish of All Saints, as for the Sustentation and Relief of the said Parish of All Saints, as for the 
                      Sustentation and Relief of the said Bastard Child, that the said James Scard  shall and do forthwith, upon Notice of this 
                      our Order, pay, or cause to be paid, to the said Churchwardens and Overseers of the said Parish of All Saints or to some or 
                      one of them, the Sum of One Pound Thirteen Shillings and four pence  for and towards the Lying-in of the said Maria Legg 
                      and the Maintenance of the said Bastard Child, to the Time of making this our Order, and for the charges and expenses 
                      incurred prior to the said Order of Filiation being made, and incident to the obtaining the said Order as ascertained on Oath.

                     And we also hereby further Order, that the said James Scard, shall likewise pay, or cause to be paid, to the Church wardens 
                     and Overseers of the Poor of the said Parish of All Saints, for the Time being, or to some or one of them, the Sum of One 
                     Shilling and Sixpence, Weekly and every Week, from the present Time, for and towards the Keeping, Sustentation, and 
                     Maintenance of the said Bastard Child, for and during so long Time as the said Bastard Child shall be chargeable to the 
                     said Parish of All Saints.  And we do further order, that the said Maria Legg, Shall also pay, or cause to be paid, to the said 
                     Church wardens and Overseers of the Poor of the said Parish of All Saints for the time being, or to some or one of them, 
                     the Sum of Nine pence Weekly, and every Week, so long as the said Bastard Child shall be chargeable to the said Parish 
                     of All Saints, in case she shall not nurse and take care of the said Child herself. Given under out Hands and Seals, the Day 
                     and Year first above written. Thomas Gould Read - Mayor [Signed] Nathaniel  Strickland [Signed] 
                     [Two seals on right] [A2A Index – Dorset Record Office Dorset]

ELIZA LEGG; 
Eliza appears to be the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Legg  baptized a All Saints Dorchester on the 18th January 1799, she died  three 
years after the date of this Document and was buried at All Saints  Dorchester on the 23rd May 1823 [LDS] exactly 3 years after the birth 
of her child,  her age was recorded on the document as 24yrs .  Considering the above document, Maria’s child would have had to have 
been Baptised before proceedings and contrary to the above details written by the Magistrates.

The only child on the LDS born to mother Maria Legg in 1820 was in the  Baptism of a female child, Eliza Legg baptized on the 2nd July 1820  at All Saints Dorchester 17 days before the date 
of the Order. The Baptism found on the LDS does not state the child was ‘base born’ although it gives only the Mother’s and no Father’s 
name, often indicative of an illegitimate birth.  

An Eliza Legg was found on the 1841 Census around the age of 20-25yrs [born c.1820] at  the Workhouse at St. Peters Dorchester working as an 
agricultural  labourer.  At this time the proposed  Eliza would have been twenty-one years old. 
PATERNITY; 
Potential candidates for  the paternity of this child  were investigated and for various reasons were all but one were eliminated,  found 
either too old, too young, married (which would have been noted on the Document ) and according to other documents found none who would 
have been in Dorchester long enough to be considered 'of the Parish'.  The only jigsaw  puzzle piece which fits very nicely into this 
position is James of Henstridge [1800-1879] born at Fiddleford North Dorset, who by age is a perfect candidate and that he had connections 
in Dorchester where his father John and married sister Harriot had been living at Dorchester. 
 See Biography of his father, John Scard of Fiddleford, Dorset 
			
Another document found dated a few years later, possibly relating to the same matter  ACCESS