SCARD - MISCELLANEOUS

                                                                *  Why the Biographies are in Timeline Format
                                                                *  Seard vs Scard - Transcriptions 
                                                                *  An early Naming Pattern and other information relating to Naming Patterns through the Centuries.


                                                    Why the Biographies are in Timeline Format

                                   *      The Biography itself can be read 'per se' by following the Text written in 'bold'.
 
                                   *      This is an ongoing Project & New information, Documents, Wills, etc. are added continually.
                                           A Timeline allows easier insertion of additional material. 
  
                                   *      Timeline dates and items are in Blue Text or Maroon Text for easier access to specific information.
                                   
                                   *     What would be 'footnotes' are difficult to insert and tedious to read in large pages.
                                          To overcome this problem, they have been applied beneath to the relevant entry in soft text.

                                   *     Comments are in italics [soft text] next to the relevant entry.

                                   *     Some 'Biographies' are in Draft i.e. merely elaborating on BDM dates.  
                                          This is done to establish a skeleton or frame for the subject in expectation of further information later 
                                          adding body to the Story.


                                             SEARD vs SCARD - Transcriptions

                  After extensively studying the Scard Family Name for some time, many transcriptions in the Name SEARD 
                  have been proved by Wills, other Documents and subsequent Parish Records so far, to be SCARD.  
                                              Most Parish Records [Transcribed]: Baptisms, Marriages & Burials have been proved to be SCARD 
                                              Documents so far indexed at the National Archives, Kew [Transcribed]:  Most proven to be SCARD
                                              Wills [Indexed]at the National Archives, Kew:  All so far proven to be SCARD [2]
                                              Census 1841-1901:  All studied so far have proven to be SCARD.
                                              Seard Entries for all England on LDS - Most so far proven to be SCARD.

                 The name 'clearly' SEARD does appear on some early marriages in London, they are being investigated.

                                           
                                                      Early Naming Patterns 
                     Generally in Genealogy the names of Children are commonly used as a yard-stick  when researching prior generations
                     for both paternal and maternal lineages.                                                   

                     Certainly all Christian Names chosen by Early Families up until the 20th Century were namesakes of Family Members.  
                     In earlier centuries these names were sometimes applied in order, from the highest ranking Family Member.

                     An Early Type Naming Pattern which was found online;                                      
                                                                          The eldest son was named after the father's father [or most senior Family Member]
                                                                          The second son after the mother's father [not always]
                                                                          The third son after the father,
                                                                          The fourth son after the father's eldest brother,
                                                                          The first daughter after the mother's mother,
                                                                          The second daughter after the father's mother,
                                                                          The third daughter after the mother,
                                                                          The fourth daughter after the mother's eldest sister.  

                    However difficulties occur in using the formula in that some elder unbaptised children who had died during infancy or early 
                    childhood may have been buried unrecorded, particularly in the mid 17th Century when the financial burden of Burials in Wool, 
                    introduced to aid the ailing Wool Industry in England, became mandatory and was generally strictly enforced.  

                                                s
                                             Early Parish Burials Entries dated 1741 showing 'far right' acknowledgement that an 'Affidavit'
                                             had been provided by the attending Nurse, Doctor, Undertaker or Official that the deceased wore a shroud 
                                             made of Wool.  Far bottom left corner the signatures with date of inspection were provided by appointed officials
                                             [i.e. bailiffs etc.] whose duty it was to check Parish Records to ensure that the mandate was enforced.

                                            Wool burials were largely ignored towards the end of the century but gaps in names during the interim would have occurred in 
                                            apparent Family ranking.

                   There were exceptions:    An obvious 'jump' in order occurred if the Grandfather's name was the same as the Father.
                                                                Names of the Paternal and Maternal Grandparents, Uncles and Aunts would often have been repeated.
                                                                The name of a Benefactor in a recent Will [usually a family member] would 'jump the queue' in favour. 
                                                                Avid Royalists naming their children after reigning Monarchs was extremely rare.  
                   This Naming Pattern began to emerge in England since the Earliest Parish Registers.
  
                                   Found from the Reformation [1538] it appears to have been continued in many areas until the late 17th Century,
                                   prevalent in more affluent families although many lay families appeared to imitate the Pattern particularly with
                                   their first and second sons and daughters.
  
                                   By the mid 18th Century the strict 'Rank Order' lost favour with the general population, the parent names assuming
                                   precedence, particularly in regard to the eldest son.  Subsequent issue continued to carry the names of family members
                                   paternal and maternal in loose order.  It was during this period that the introduction of  'MIDDLE' Names, derived from
                                   Paternal and Maternal lineages and became popular in order to preserve distinction.  This pattern was continued
                                   into the 20th Century.

                                   By the 20th Century the pattern was largely ignored after World War I although naming patterns of the 1ater 18th 
                                   century relating to elder sons persisted and occurs in many families to the present time.  
                                   Post World War II more 'popular' names of the era came into vogue, however the favoured use of 'Middle Names' continued, 
                                   primarily to record and preserve family connections.  This pattern is still found in use today, a remnant of centuries past.